Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Despite upsurge in exports and cut in imports of Defence equipment, India’s Defence sector remains uncompetitive globally. Examine.

Topic:  Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth.

6. Despite upsurge in exports and cut in imports of Defence equipment, India’s Defence sector remains uncompetitive globally. Examine.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Key demand of the question:

According to latest estimates released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the Indian defence exports have increased and defence imports have decreased during the period between 2009-13 and 2014-18.Thus the question.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly put forth the background of the question.

Body:

To start with, discuss why India’s defence model faces challenges despite the positive trends generated by ‘Make in India’. Discuss the positives and negatives of Make in India drive. Explain the factors contributing to falling imports apart from the make in India concept; Indian defence acquisitions have also fallen due to the cancellation of big-ticket items. SMEs still face stunted growth because India’s defence industrial model is at odds with global trends in that it tends to create disincentives for the private sector. Suggest upon the current export trends. Thus, from a volume and value standpoint, Indian defence exports, while showing a promising upward trend has failed to meet desired success globally. To help ideas meet action, there is a need to create an environment for greater participation of private industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude that to ensure that ‘Make in India’ initiative reaches its full potential, focus should be laid on export promotion/facilitation and export regulation.