Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
2. What were the major reformist and revivalist movements in 19th century India? How they were similar to, or different from each other? Discuss with suitable examples their relevance in the contemporary times.(250 words)
Reference: Hindustan Times
Modern Indian history by Spectrum Publications
Why this question:
The question is amidst the recent happenings of Tablighi Jamaat in the capital.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the major reformist and revivalist movements in 19th century India. Discuss their relevance in the contemporary times.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what you understand by revivalist and reformist movements.
To start with explain that some major reformist movements were Brahmo Samaj; Prarthana Samaj; Satya Sodhak Samaj; Aligarh movement; Young Bengal Movement and Ramakrishna mission. Some major revivalist movements were Arya Samaj; Deoband movement etc. The key similarity between these movements was that all of them wanted to change the status quo in the society wherein several deformities had crept in. While the reformist movements strived to change the fundamental system and structures of the society through gradual changes within the existing institutions; revivalist movements tended to revive former customs or practices and thus take the society back to the glorious past. Discuss the relevance of these movements in the current times. One can quote the Tablighi Jamat movement as a passing reference and many others that are in operation.
Conclude with their significance.