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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 April 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Examine how India’s poor are likely to tremendously bear the burden of the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures being taken to limit its spread. Suggest measures to decrease this impact.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The author of the article highlights the higher impact of the pandemic on the poor and calls for increased governmental measures to reduce the vulnerability of the poor.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way the outbreak mostly hits the poor of the country the most and then discuss what steps need to be taken to overcome the situation and address the grave concerns involved.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain why it’s always the poor who are most vulnerable.

Body:

To start with, quote the facts of the current situation. Discuss the hardship that the poor get exposed to owing to such a situation; explain the measures that need to be taken to resolve the situation. Explain the concerns over the fact that the official strategy to fight the virus places the major responsibility on citizens, of whom a majority are poor without access to basic amenities. Explain what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. What were the major reformist and revivalist movements in 19th century India? How they were similar to, or different from each other? Discuss with suitable examples their relevance in the contemporary times.(250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Modern Indian history by  Spectrum Publications

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent happenings of Tablighi Jamaat in the capital.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the major reformist and revivalist movements in 19th century India. Discuss their relevance in the contemporary times.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what you understand by revivalist and reformist movements.

Body:

To start with explain that some major reformist movements were Brahmo Samaj; Prarthana Samaj; Satya Sodhak Samaj; Aligarh movement; Young Bengal Movement and Ramakrishna mission. Some major revivalist movements were Arya Samaj; Deoband movement etc. The key similarity between these movements was that all of them wanted to change the status quo in the society wherein several deformities had crept in. While the reformist movements strived to change the fundamental system and structures of the society through gradual changes within the existing institutions; revivalist movements tended to revive former customs or practices and thus take the society back to the glorious past. Discuss the relevance of these movements in the current times. One can quote the Tablighi Jamat movement as a passing reference and many others that are in operation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with their significance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

3. Proliferation of Ministries and Departments in the government not only leads to weak coordination and integration but also fragmentation of functions. Comment in the context of India.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the premise of the possible ill-effects of the Proliferation of Ministries and Departments in the government.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the ill-impact of the Proliferation of Ministries and Departments in the government.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the context of the question.

Body:

Start with reason of proliferation of ministries and departments in India. Quote examples to justify it. Briefly explain that there has been proliferation of the Ministries and Departments in Government to achieve welfare objectives of the Constitution. It has the advantage of specialization, focus and resource channelization but it also has the disadvantages of lack of coordination and inability to adopt an integrated approach to national priorities and problems. Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of proliferation. Explain the proliferation with example and address both the aspects of argument

Conclusion:

Conclude answer by suggesting solution.

 

Topic:  Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

4. Part IV of the Indian Constitution has great value as it provides for social and economic democracy. In light of the above statement, discuss the importance and limitations of this part of the constitution.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the basics of the Indian constitution, specifically Part IV; DPSPs.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of DPSP enshrined in the Indian constitution. Also highlight the limitations associated with them.

Directive:

 DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly describe DPSPs enshrined in the constitution.

Body:

The question is from the static portions and there isn’t much to deliberate. Write the importance of DPSP in India – Fundamental rights provide for political rights. DPSP supplement them by providing for social and economic rights. · DPSP constitute comprehensive socio-economic programme for a modern democratic state · Aim at realizing high ideals of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity · Embody the concept of welfare state, and not that of the police state · It helps courts in examining and determining constitutional validity of law in the light of socioeconomic propriety etc. Highlight its limitations – No Legal Force: The DPSP are non-justiciable in nature i.e. they are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation · Constitutional Conflict: DPSP lead to constitutional conflict (a) between Centre and states, (b) Centre and President, (c) Chief minister and governor · Conflict with Fundamental rights: They can be amended to implement the fundamental rights. · A law cannot be struck down by courts for violating DPSP.

Conclusion:

Conclude that despite above limitations, DPSP are fundamental to the governance of the country.

 

Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5.  India has addressed the China factor well and must now continue its efforts to curb the global health crisis. Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu Business Line

Why this question:

The question is around the fact that India has handled the case of the outbreak well so far and has addressed the China factor.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elaborate on how India must now continue its efforts to curb the global health crisis.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the role played by China in containing the situation; highlight its initial failures.

Body:

  • To start with, explain how the world would have been better prepared to handle the crisis if China had acted more urgently and transparently. Talk about the factor of ‘Responsible governance’ in association with China. Take hints from the article and explain the China factor, role played by India in the grave situation of the pandemic.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the good work that India is doing and managing and suggest way forward.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Disaster and disaster management.

6. Write a short note on Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF). (250 words)

 Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

Congress leaders on Monday questioned the setting up of the PM CARES Fund to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic by Prime Minister Narendra Modi when the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) is already in existence. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Write a short note on Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF); explain the scheme, its utility and limitations if any.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the significance of Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) in short.

Body:

Explain what is PMNRF? When was it setup?

In pursuance of an appeal by the then Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in January, 1948, the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established with public contributions to assist displaced persons from Pakistan. The resources of the PMNRF are now utilized primarily to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes, etc. and to the victims of the major accidents and riots. Assistance from PMNRF is also rendered, to partially defray the expenses for medical treatment like heart surgeries, kidney transplantation, cancer treatment, etc.

Discuss the key features of it.

Present the limitations if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.

 

Topic:  Case study

7 . You are working as an Execution officer (EO) in a Zilla. You have been given Responsibility to measure MGNREGA works undertaken by 3 Gram Panchayats. You have authority to give administrative sanctions to all MGNREGA works. In one of these Panchayats you notice that your predecessor had wrongly measured many works, and in many cases he had approved works that never existed. One day few elected members of that Panchayat with bundle of job cards come to you to seek ‘sanction’ for the works done by them. When enquired, they reveal that they were contractors who had completed works under MGNREGA. When you reject their demand, they threaten you and tell you that the previous EO was made to quit his job because he didn’t listen to them. This is your first job and is very important to sustain your family. There have been precedents in the past that some officials were beaten to death in some parts of the Zilla. What will you do in this situation? Explain in detail citing rules from MGNREGA Act. (250 words)

Why this question:

The question is based on a case study from the perspective of ethical dimensions involved in it.

Key demand of the question:

A student must discuss/deliberate the nuances in the case and suggest actions that a morally and ethically right person would do suiting the situation and citing the rules in the ambit of MGNREGA.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state the facts of the case.

Body:

To start with, explain the provision of social audit for MGNREGA. Discuss the possible events of actions you would take as an EO;First warn the contractors of their ill-doings and that they will be caught in future soon. Report such incidence to your higher authorities and seek police protection in case your life is at risk. Throw light on the virtues of courage and uprightness and need for showing these virtues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solution to address the issue at hand.