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Critically analyse the hardship faced by the migrant laborers in the light of the lockdown owing to COVID-19 scare.

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. Critically analyse the hardship faced by the migrant laborers in the light of the lockdown owing to COVID-19 scare.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article brings out the hardship faced by the migrant laborers in the light of the lockdown.

Key demand of the question:

One must present a detailed analysis of hardship faced by the migrant laborers in the light of the lockdown.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The lockdown measures have been in place to slow down the spread of SARS-CoV-2. The measures taken to address the public health challenge have also led to a humanitarian crisis for many among the poorer segments of India’s urban population. The most affected section due to the lockdown has been the inter-State migrant worker community.

Body:

State first the reasons of vulnerability of migrant workers.

 They largely dependent upon casual and daily wage labour and unorganized retail. Lockdown would severely affect their livelihood opportunities.

Lack of hygiene and sanitation facilities makes this section highly vulnerable to such epidemics.

They are generally the primary breadwinners, and the survival of their families back home is entirely dependent on them.

Discuss the lacunae in the role played by the govt. in dealing with migrant workers.

Suggest solutions to address the above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.