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The recently witnessed low AQI across the country proves that pollution is mostly anthropomorphic (man-made) in nature. Comment.

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. The recently witnessed low AQI across the country proves that pollution is mostly anthropomorphic (man-made) in nature. Comment.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The nationwide lockdown in place has led to reduced air pollution in over 90 cities in India. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the way Air pollution across the cities has come down, discuss the need to have focused measures to replicate such a situation using technology that can ensure good AQI.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the worrying air pollution conditions in the country in the past.

Body:

To start with, talk about the air pollution causes.

Discuss PM2.5- its impact, and other harmful gases that are polluting air.

The biggest impact of particulate air pollution on public health is understood to be from long-term exposure to PM2.5, which increases the age-specific mortality risk, particularly from cardiovascular causes. Exposure to high concentrations of PM to even short term episodes can also intensify lung and heart conditions. Children, the elderly and those with predisposed respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, are known to be more susceptible to the health impacts from air pollution.

Discuss the effect on Air pollution levels amidst the COVID-19 control.

Suggest what measures should be taken in future.

Conclusion:

The low AQI prove that pollution is mostly anthropomorphic (man-made) in nature. Though the lockdown is not the ideal way to bring down air pollution, it proves that it can be done. Pollution can be reduced by using technology and low-emission alternatives.