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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 March 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. Discuss the various geomorphological effects caused by an earth quake. (250 words)

Reference: Physical Geography by Savindra Singh

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, theme geography.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the various geomorphological effects caused by an earth quake in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what Earthquakes are.

Body:

The question is pretty much straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate.

Start with geomorphological effects that an Earthquake possibly causes.

An earthquake can trigger many sudden changes in the environment which can be classified as primary (e.g. subsidence, surface faulting) and secondary effects (displaced rocks, tsunami, ground cracks, liquefactions, landslides) etc.

Discuss the impact of it. Use diagrams wherever possible to add value to your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.

 

Topic:  Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. What are the environmental issues in Antarctica? Discuss and present the global importance of it.(250 words)

Reference: Physical Geography by Savindra Singh

Why this question:

The question is about the global importance that Antarctica holds for us and the environmental issues concerning it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the global importance that Antarctica holds for us and the environmental issues concerning it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state key facts of Antarctica show the location using a diagram.

Body:

To start with, first quote the environmental concerns in detail –

Antarctica and its surrounding waters are under pressure from a variety of forces that are already transforming the area, scientists warn. The most immediate threats are regional warming, ocean acidification and loss of sea ice, all linked to global levels of carbon dioxide. Although isolated from other continents, Antarctica is connected to the rest of the world through oceanic and atmospheric circulations. Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean are key drivers of Earth’s oceanic and atmospheric systems. The formation and circulation of Southern Ocean water masses provide a key link in the global ‘conveyor belt’ of ocean currents that controls climate by transporting heat and other properties.

For our entire planet, atmospheric pressure, humidity, air temperatures and wind patterns are interconnected and greatly influenced by processes in the Southern Ocean.

Explain the human impact too.

Discuss the importance of it in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the need to save Antarctica with sense of urgency.

 

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Critically analyse lack of integration of migration process with the course of development in the country, illustrate the case with special focus amidst the COVID outbreak.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

Migrant workers trying to move out of the cities to their villages in the light of the nationwide lockdown. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the issue of migrants in the country and how and why there has been disconnect between the integration of migration process with that of development.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what constitutes the process of migration.

Body:

To start with, discuss the challenges that the process of migration faces in our country.

List down the challenges and concerns associated.

Explain why there is a disconnect?; Inclusion and Integration of Migrants: Internal migration is not viewed positively in India and policies are often aimed at reducing internal migration, as a result, there is a lack of integration of migration with the process of development. Discuss other challenges such as Psychological and Emotional Stress: Any person migrating to a new country faces multiple challenges, from cultural adaptation and language barriers to homesickness and loneliness.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What is Earth Hour? Why is Earth Hour the event held in late March? Elaborate on its significance.( 250 words)

Reference:  News On Air

Why this question:

Earth Hour 2020 was held on March 28, from 8:30 pm to 9:30 pm. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what Earth hour is and its significance in detail.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define Earth hour.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects in your answer:

What is Earth Hour? Earth Hour is a global grassroots movement uniting people to take action on environmental issues and protect the planet.
Organized by: World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
Background: Earth Hour was started as a lights out event in Sydney, Australia in 2007.
When does Earth Hour take place? The annual Earth Hour lights out event is held worldwide toward the end of March to encourage individuals, households, communities and businesses to turn off their non-essential lights for one hour as a symbol for their commitment to the planet. Why is Earth Hour the event held in late March? The second-to-last and last weekend of March is around the time of the Spring and Autumn equinoxes in the northern and southern hemispheres respectively, which allows for near coincidental sunset times in both hemispheres, thereby ensuring the greatest visual impact for a global ‘lights out’ event.
Earth Hour logo: Earlier it was 60 (60 symbolizes 60 minutes). But since 2011 it is 60+. Here + represents the commitment to go beyond the earth hour (i.e. switching off non – essential lights in day to day life). 

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security;

5.In the light of the spread of misinformation regarding COVID-19 on social media networks, analyze the apprehensions associated with the spread of fake news in the present context. Propose suitable measures to tackle it.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

Misinformation linked to supposed cures for COVID-19 and misleading claims have proliferated on social media networks. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must analyze the apprehensions associated with the spread of fake news in the present context.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what fake news is.

Body:

Explain Fake News pandemic:

  • In the light of the pandemic, the social media platforms have witnessed:
    • Misleading claims on supposed cures and posts related to ‘treatments’ that are not proven.
    • Medicine sales pitches or claims of techniques to prevent exposure and infection that are either not proven and/or filled with a lot of misleading information.
    • Conspiracy theories about the outbreak.
    • Instructions for individuals to stock up on supplies and food.
  • The misinformation about the pandemic has been deadly. False reports have appeared in numerous countries.

Discuss the concerns involved – issue of panic buying, claims can cause confusion among the public etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable measures to tackle the issue.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. The recently witnessed low AQI across the country proves that pollution is mostly anthropomorphic (man-made) in nature. Comment.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The nationwide lockdown in place has led to reduced air pollution in over 90 cities in India. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the way Air pollution across the cities has come down, discuss the need to have focused measures to replicate such a situation using technology that can ensure good AQI.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the worrying air pollution conditions in the country in the past.

Body:

To start with, talk about the air pollution causes.

Discuss PM2.5- its impact, and other harmful gases that are polluting air.

The biggest impact of particulate air pollution on public health is understood to be from long-term exposure to PM2.5, which increases the age-specific mortality risk, particularly from cardiovascular causes. Exposure to high concentrations of PM to even short term episodes can also intensify lung and heart conditions. Children, the elderly and those with predisposed respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, are known to be more susceptible to the health impacts from air pollution.

Discuss the effect on Air pollution levels amidst the COVID-19 control.

Suggest what measures should be taken in future.

Conclusion:

The low AQI prove that pollution is mostly anthropomorphic (man-made) in nature. Though the lockdown is not the ideal way to bring down air pollution, it proves that it can be done. Pollution can be reduced by using technology and low-emission alternatives.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management. Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

7. Do you agree that scientific advances are reducing technical barriers that earlier limited the potential of biological weapons? Discuss with suitable examples.(250 words)

Reference:  News On Air

Why this question:

March 26 marked the 45th anniversary of the entry into force of the Biological Weapons Convention. The anniversary comes as the world is grappling with the Coronavirus pandemic. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the interrelationship between the growing technological advancement with that on the potential promotion of biological weapons.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss what constitute Biological weapons.

Body:

Talk about the scientific advancements the world countries are making.

Then move onto discuss – The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), which is a legally binding treaty that outlaws biological arms.

Discuss the nuances of biological weapons; the concerns associated and what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that all countries should reaffirm their unequivocal rejection of the use of disease as a weapon with due international cooperation.