Topic: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.
1. Discuss the non-geographical factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.(250 words)
Reference: Physical Geography by Savindra Singh
Why this question:
The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the non- geographical factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world in detail with suitable examples.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Explain that Industrial locations are complex in nature. These are influenced by the availability of many factors. Some of them are: raw material, land, water, labor, capital, power, transport, and market. However there are many non-geographical factors too.
Discuss the non-geographical factors in detail – Capital investment, Availability of loans, Investment climate, Government policies/regulations, Influence of pressure groups etc.
One should quote relevant examples from India and across the world to justify the answer.
Conclude that It is rarely possible to find all these factors available at one place. Consequently, manufacturing activity tends to locate at the most appropriate place where all the factors of industrial location are either available or can be arranged at lower cost. In general, it should also be noted that both lower production cost and lower distribution cost are the two major factors while considering the location of an industry. Sometimes, the government provides incentives like subsidized power, lower transport cost, and other infrastructure so that industries may be located in backward areas.