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Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)
2. Despite being mineral-rich, the Eastern states of India have failed to register expected growth and social indices. Examine the causes for this failure and suggest remedial measures.(250 words)
Reference: Physical Geography by Savindra Singh
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the factors that have been responsible to failure of Eastern states in terms of growth and development despite being mineral rich.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce by mentioning about the mineral wealth of Eastern India.
Mention the reasons for poor socio-economic growth of the region; lacunae and neglect in policy making, difficulty owing to terrain and physiography in the region, historical milieu, lack of support from local people, negative impact of mining etc.
Suggest measures to improve the condition. Indicate towards policies which are already in place, suggest improvements if any that can be made.
Conclude that Inclusive and sustainable growth is the way forward and the policies should focus on it.