Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 March 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s physical geography. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

1. Explain how local winds are different from planetary winds. Giving examples, highlight the role of local winds in influencing climate, agriculture and livelihood in various regions.(250 words)

Reference: physical geography by Savindra Singh

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , theme physical geography of the world.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the difference between the planetary and the local winds and their role in influencing the climate, agriculture and livelihood in different regions.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss these two types of winds by highlighting the characteristic difference between them.

Body:

Define the two types of the winds first.

Explain the difference between the two.

One must bring out the role of local winds in the climate, agriculture and livelihood in different regions through examples.

Name the local winds, their effects using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such winds.

 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s physical geography. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

2. What aspects are responsible for the origin and modification of ocean currents? Explain with examples how they affect the climate of surrounding regions.(250 words)

Reference: physical geography by Savindra Singh

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , theme physical geography of the world.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss factors that are responsible for the origin and modification of ocean currents and their effect on the climate of the surrounding regions.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what ocean currents are.

Body:

First of all, bring out factors which are responsible for the origin and modification of the ocean currents and elaborate them briefly; origin, Other factors – Accumulation of water on east coasts leads to gravity induced movements down the slope. Expansion due to heat – Even though water is considered practically incompressible, minor expansion due to excess solar heat in equatorial regions causes a slight gradient and water tends to flow down the slope. Modification – Wind, Coast line and inundation, large river discharge, presence of partially enclosed seas. Periodic reversals due to heating and accumulation can also cause modification such as in case of ElNino current caused by a stronger counter equatorial current. Coriolis force etc.

Then, with examples, elaborate how ocean currents determine the climate of surrounding regions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3. A dysfunctional judicial delivery system is a serious impediment to establishing the rule of law in our nation. Examine the statement in the context of the problem of case pendency and judicial vacancies in India.(250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question examines the factors that have let the Indian judiciary system remain a dysfunctional system of justice delivery.

Key demand of the question:

Present the case of the problem of case pendency and judicial vacancies in India, explain how it renders the entire system to be dysfunctional and marred with problems.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain why ours is a dysfunctional judicial delivery system.

Body:

  • Bring out the facts to present the current picture of judiciary.
  • Mention the important issues related to dysfunctional judicial system and explain the reason behind the problem of case pendency and judicial vacancies.
  • Present recent examples highlighting the above scenario.
  • Provide the probable solutions to deal with the problem.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable suggestions and solutions to address the issue.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Discuss the utility of smart meters in India. Do you agree that Smart metering gives a consumer better access to information and enable them to make more informed decisions on the use of electricity? Explain.  (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The author presents viewpoints upon the Centre’s push for smart meters and in what way it may be an important ingredient for transitioning to a 21st century electricity-system.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the utility of smart meters in India, its pros and cons.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what smart meters are.

Present key facts – Last year, the Central Electricity Authority and the Ministry of Power (MoP) had envisaged a complete switch to prepaid smart meters.

Body:

Bring out the transition in electricity system in the country.

Smart meters are the third pillar of the proposed technology-driven transition in electricity systems globally, in addition to renewable energy and energy storage technologies.

Prepayment is an additional feature of these meters that has gained prominence in India, based on two hoped-for outcomes.

Discuss then the benefits of Smart Prepaid Meters. Also bring out the limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the Centre’s push for smart meters may be an important ingredient for transitioning to a 21st century electricity-system. However, it is not the silver bullet to solve the long-standing problems of discom finance and losses, and accountability and governance in the Indian electricity system.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Disaster and disaster management.

5. What do you understand by community transmission? In the event of it, explain how the health system will have to be geared up to meet additional challenges.(250 words)

Reference:  www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Why this question:

The question is amidst the perils of an all-out lockdown due to COVID-19.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what community transmission is and the necessary interventions a health system must make to control and contain the situation.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what community transmission is.

Body:

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), community transmission “is evidenced by the inability to relate confirmed cases through chains of transmission for a large number of cases, or by increasing positive tests through sentinel samples (routine systematic testing of respiratory samples from established laboratories)”

It means that the virus is now circulating in the community, and can infect people with no history either of travel to affected areas or of contact with an infected person.

Explain what the health system in such situations should be like and be ready with.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to evaluate the situation and take necessary actions.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology.

6. Discuss the promises that the National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications hold for India in the race of quantum revolution. Also comment on the associated constraints. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The government, in its Budget 2020, had announced a National Mission on Quantum Technologies & Applications (NM-QTA) with a total budget outlay of Rs 8000 Crore for a period of five years to be implemented by the Department of Science & Technology (DST). Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the prospects of National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications for India in the quantum revolution race while bringing out the challenges it may face in it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what quantum technologies are, what their applications are.

Body:

Talk about the National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications (NM-QTA).

The Mission will be able to address the ever increasing technological requirements of the society, and take into account the international technology trends and road maps of leading countries for the development of next generation technologies.

The areas of focus for the NM-QTA Mission will be in fundamental science, translation, technology development and towards addressing issues concerning national priorities. The mission can help prepare next generation skilled manpower, boost translational research and also encourage entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem development.

Explain the challenges associated.

Discuss applications and significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Case study

7. A Pandemic has broken out and the only key in sight is a drug developed by a group of doctors and scientists. The issue, however, is that the drug is not yet tested. If the standard testing protocol is adhered to, it would take at least a year to get the final approval for human consumption. By that time, the pandemic would have taken millions of lives already. The only possible way to expedite trials is to test the drug directly on human beings. It effectively means replacing animals with humans for trial. Furthermore, there would hardly be any volunteer for such trials. In the meantime, there is an idea floating around the countries. Why not choose the convicts of murders and rapes serving capital punishment for the trials? Even if they die during the trials, it would hardly be a loss to the society and if they survive, their lives would be of some worth for the society after-all. 

What do you think? Should prisoners be forced to undergo the trial? Examine and Substantiate your choice.(250 words)

Reference: Case study

Why this question:

The question presents an ethical case study amidst the global outbreak that has shaken the entire world.

Key demand of the question:

One is expected to resolve the case study by identifying the ethical concerns involved, stakeholders associated and find out the best possible approach to deal with the situation ethically.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain how the current case captures the ethical dilemma where lives of humans are weighed against the larger good of society. 

Body:

Firstly, one must bring out the ethical values involved in the case such as – Violation of human rights, the debate of means vs. ends, concept of larger good etc.

Then one should define the ethical dilemma involved in the situation.

Identify the stakeholders involved; discuss the concerns associated with each of them.

Examine the pros and cons of the move.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting a balanced solution to such a situation where ethical concerns of all the stakeholders are addressed. Justify your stand with suitable substantiation.