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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 March 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

1. Rising crime against women in political and personal sphere is a major cause of concern in contemporary Indian society. Discuss and enumerate steps taken by government to address them. (250 words)

Reference: NCERT – Indian society class XI

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide specific government steps to curb violence against

Women at work and at home while bringing out the factors responsible for rising crime against them in both political and personal sphere.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly provide evidence to given statement. Quote data from National Crime Records Bureau or recent incidents that support the context of the question.

Body:

Firstly bring out the grievances of women in contemporary Indian society.

Discuss and list down the factors responsible – social, cultural, economic etc.

Then move onto highlight the policies and programmes in place to protect women and the measures in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Suggesting reformative measures to prevent crime against women and need for a multi-pronged approach at all the levels of societal strata to overcome the challenge.

 

Topic:  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

2. Bring out the impact of Regionalism on Indian polity. (250 words)

Reference: NCERT – Indian society class XI

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must straightforward discuss the impact of regionalism on Indian polity system.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what you understand by regionalism.

Body:

Regionalism is an ideology and political movement that seeks to advance the causes of regions. As a process it plays role within the nation as well as outside the nation i.e. at international level. Both types of regionalism have different meaning and have positive as well as negative impact on society, polity, diplomacy, economy, security, culture, development, negotiations, etc.

Explain regionalism within India discuss origin, its evolution and current state.

Discuss the causes that often lead to regionalism.

Highlight its impact on the Indian polity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. “The coronavirus pandemic has sharpened the focus on the role of the State and its relationship with citizens”, elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why this question:

The author presents views about how the Corona outbreak emphasizes upon the idea of the nation-state as the all-powerful, enforcer of social order.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must highlight the significance of State –citizen’s relations and importance of it amidst such pandemics.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First discuss how after decades of globalisation, neo-liberalisation and privatisation, in this moment of crisis, people across the globe are looking to their national governments and willingly giving up their civil liberties in favour of absolute State control.

Body:

Discuss in general the aspects associated with the State-Citizen relationship.

Explain why it is essential and important to have a strong relationship between the two.

Take cues from the article and highlight the associated concerns, positives and negatives.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to strengthen the relationship between the two.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. “water and climate change”, explain how the two are inextricably linked? Illustrate with examples.  (250 words)

Reference:  WorldWaterDay.org

Why this question:

March 22 (Sunday) was World Water Day. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to discuss the inextricable linkages between water and climate change, one must explain it using suitable illustrations.

Directive:

Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the significance of water in general to the entire world.

Body:

Climate delay is almost as dangerous as climate denial. Every country in the world must work more quickly. Extreme weather events are making water scarcer, more unpredictable, more polluted or all three. Humans need water to survive, as do all the systems we rely on: sanitation, healthcare, education, business and industry.

Explain then, how Water can help fight climate change.

Discuss how and why Climate policy makers must put water at the heart of action plans.

Present the case of health outbreak and discuss how water plays a key role in it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Why is the Indian currency weakening? Discuss the factors contributing to it while suggesting measures to overcome it. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The Indian rupee fell sharply against the U.S. dollar to a record closing low of 75.20 as deepening concerns about the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic sent global investors hurrying to dump most assets, especially emerging market holdings, and opt for cash and the relative safety of the greenback. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the reasons for the currency weakening in the country and factors responsible for it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain that as it happened in 2008 during the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), the widespread economic uncertainty triggered by the latest COVID-19 outbreak has forced most investors and businesses across the world to seek to conserve that most crucial asset during times of crisis: cash and more specifically the U.S. dollar.

Body:

List down the contributing factors one by one.

Explain the effect of COVID-19; The depreciation is even more worrisome as the month of March is typically good for the Indian rupee as remittances, from both individuals and companies tend to buoy the exchange rate.

The yellow metal too has been sold by investors looking to hold the most liquid and most fungible of all assets — the U.S. dollar.

Discuss the possible balancing factors available.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the outlook on the rupee will be precarious for the next few days. If there’s meaningful coordinated action from global central banks and governments, some calm could return to the markets.

 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6. What are vaccines? How are they made? Discuss how do they function.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to explain the concept of vaccines, how they are made and their functionality.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the making of vaccines and their functions.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what vaccines are. Vaccines are one of the most effective tools to prevent diseases.

Body:

Provide for a brief overview on vaccines.

Discuss how vaccines are made; explain the multiple ways that are available.

Explain the stages of development of vaccines.

Explain immune system, effect of vaccines over it.

Discuss the scenario of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of vaccines.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. Discuss Transparency and accountability as critical aspects in managing public health and pandemics. (250 words)

Reference: NCBI

Why this question:

The question is amidst rising incidence of public health outbreaks and pandemics.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role played by Transparency and accountability in managing public health and pandemics.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain that effective management of public health emergencies demands open and transparent public communication. The rationale for transparency has public health, strategic and ethical dimensions. Despite this, government authorities often fail to demonstrate transparency.

Body:

Define transparency and accountability first.

Explain why they become important in public health management systems and disease outbreaks.

One can present the case of COVID-19 or severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crisis of 2003 and highlight the importance.

Explain that Information should be communicated in a transparent, accurate and timely manner.

Discuss the concerns( what if the system is not transparent and accountable) –

  • reluctance to announce a potential health threat and inform an at-risk population of appropriate precautionary measures until all information is scientifically confirmed and formally endorsed;
  • a tendency to withhold information that is potentially damaging to an economic sector – often against the recommendations of public health experts;
  • An emphasis on strict information control within organizations, making constructive engagement of potential partners in coordinated public communication difficult.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of it.