Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
World Happiness Report
What to study?
For Prelims: Highlights, key findings and significance of the report.
For Mains: How is happiness related to governance, what needs to be done to increase the level of happiness among citizens?
Context: The World Happiness Report 2020 has been released.
About World Happiness Report:
It is released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations by the UN General Assembly.
It is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be.
What’s special about the 2020 report?
This is the eighth World Happiness Report. The 2020 report for the first time ranks cities around the world by their subjective well-being and digs more deeply into how the social, urban and natural environments combine to affect our happiness.
How the countries are ranked?
- Nationally representative samples of respondents are asked to think of a ladder, with the best possible life for them being a 10, and the worst possible life being a 0.
- In the reports, experts in fields including economics, psychology, survey analysis, and national statistics, describe how measurements of well-being can be used effectively to assess the progress of nations, and other topics.
Interconnections between law, governance and happiness: Why do these connections matter?
Happiness has come to be accepted as a goal of public policy. And this discourse has given a fillip to a new narrative where the interconnections between law, governance and happiness are being searched.
Experiences from several nations confirm that the countries with higher GDP and higher per capita income are not necessarily the happiest countries and there exists a link between the state of happiness and rule of law.
The WHRs, over the years, confirmed that people tend to have:
- Poor mental health.
- A low score of subjective well-being.
- Poor perception about the governance and law and order, despite high income levels.
Performance of various countries:
- Finland is the world’s happiest nation for the third year running.
- Nordic states dominated the top 10, along with countries such as Switzerland, New Zealand and Austria.
- India is at 144th
- Rankings of India and neighbours.
- Rankings in the previous edition.
- WHR vs GNH- similarities and differences.
- Top and bottom performers this year.
- Consistent performers.
What is World Happiness Report? How are the countries ranked in this report? Discuss.
Sources: the Hindu.