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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 March 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1.  Discuss the institutional barriers that hinder the growth on women in Police services of the country, also suggest measures to overcome. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article brings out the case of Women and their participation in the police services of the country.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the institutional barriers that hinder the growth on women in Police services of the country while suggesting solutions to address these problems.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss few facts suggesting the context of the question.

Body:

In 2009, the Home Ministry set 33% as the target for women’s representation in the police. Since then, the central and state governments have focused on increasing women’s recruitment in the police force. Reservation has been the primary tool to increase women’s representation in the police force.

Then discuss what the concerns are – lack of intent, selective implementation, Lack of representation at higher levels, gender based crimes etc.

  • Discuss the major institutional barriers – Frequent inter-district transfers
  • Disallowing postings in home districts for specified periods of time
  • Poor childcare support systems
  • Lack of adequate facilities and infrastructure for women.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:   population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Explain the issues surrounding the policies and programmes adopted by the Indian Government to tackle poverty. (250 words)

Reference: Geography and You

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to analyse the  issues surrounding the policies and programmes adopted by the Indian Government to tackle poverty

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the issues surrounding the policies and programmes adopted by the Indian Government to tackle poverty.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define the poverty conditions in the country, explain why the issues still persist despite consistent efforts of the governments in the past.

Body:

Discuss first the concerns involved in addressing poverty through policies and programmes.

Explain then the various types of efforts made by the govt. to address poverty – growth oriented approach, income based approach, developmental strategies etc.

Suggest what should be done, quote examples of the ongoing policies, explain how they are different from their previous versions etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note that the government is changing its approach to tackle poverty based on the response of it to previous programmes.

 

Topic:  case study

3. A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They advise her to keep quite as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk losing her job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings. At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice. (2016)

(a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?

(b) What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why? (250 words)

Reference: Previous year paper GS-IV(2016)

Why this question:

The aim of the question is to solve the case study which is based on the premise of business ethics and morality involved therein.

Key demand of the question:

The student must present arguments with pros and cons of the actions involved and justify with suitable ethical foundation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present the key details of the case study.

Body:

One must present arguments in favour of not keeping quiet such as – deficits of ‘Business without morality’, need to be a conscience citizen, questions of integrity involved.

Suggest a course of action to take the corrective measures for the situation – Moral persuasion, need for her to preserve integrity and walk with high morality and business ethics.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable middle path that satisfies all the issues and concerns in the question.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. Asia is at the tip of becoming a dominant trading powerhouse, can it restructure the global economic order? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article presents the argument as to how Asia now is at the cusp of becoming a dominant trading powerhouse and in what way it will have key role in restructuring the global order.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role of Asia as a dominant trading powerhouse in the current times.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state some key facts such as – Asia contributed more than 60 per cent to the global output and commerce prior to 1857. India’s own contribution was a hefty 17 per cent; it has now come down to 5 per cent in global output and less than 3 per cent in international trade flows.

Body:

Present the historical background of trade in Asia in the past.

Discuss the dominance of European countries in terms of trade.

Then explain the Asia of 19th century, global economic transition, discuss factors responsible for such a transition.

Explain what role Asia should play in restructuring the global order.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5.  Elucidate upon the need for renewed multilateralism in the face of the cross-national and cross-domain nature of challenges confronting the world. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article argues for the need for renewed multilateralism in the face of the cross-national and cross-domain nature of challenges confronting the world and the need for India to play the leadership role in such an endeavor. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss how in the present world amidst rising tendencies of protectionism need has aroused for the countries to renew the idea of multilateralism.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss the challenges before the world.

Body:

Take the example of the current COVID-19 pandemic that brings to light the nature of challenges that the world has been facing and is bound to face in the coming future.

The challenges would be mostly cross-national in character. They would not be bound to one region or country, neither being limited to national boundaries nor being controllable by national solutions. The world is increasingly becoming more inter-connected, inter-related and also interdependent.

In the case of climate change, though there are differences in the intensity of effect on different countries, it is a global problem. Though the major contributors of the greenhouse gas emissions have been the developed countries, climate change would impact even the underdeveloped and developing countries.

Similarly in the case of poverty, though poverty is often considered as a local or regional issue, it also manifests itself in the form of increased migration and in some cases breeding ground for extremism. Thus poverty is also cross national in character.

Suggest what measures need to be taken to address the issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward that there is the need to move away from nationalistic urges and embrace the logic of international cooperation through revived and strengthened multilateral institutions and processes.

 

Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6. How is facial recognition used in today’s world? When is it problematic? Explain with special focus on the using it in policing system of the country.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The author of the article argues for the use of counter-crime facial recognition technology. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the utility of facial recognition, the problems and concerns associated with it. Present then a case of utilizing the same in the policing system of a country.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what facial recognition system is.

Body:

First explain that there has been growing consensus that the police duties should not be restricted to the mere maintenance of peace in public places but should focus equally on crime prevention and detection.

While preventing a crime is difficult and usually beyond human capacity (because of the dimensions and complexities of modern society), solving a crime is relatively easy.

Discuss counter-crime facial recognition technology and its applications.

Discuss India’s efforts in this direction, explain the concerns associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude that though modern technologies like facial recognition technology is fraught with hidden dangers, there should be hope that care and sophistication in its implementation would help transform investigation.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7. Discuss the importance of scientific temper, what kind of public culture is needed to advance it? (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to evaluate the significance of scientific temper in general to the society.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of scientific temper in general to a society and discuss how an effective and robust public culture can enhance it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by scientific temper.

Body:

First explain the role of science in life.

One can answer such questions with suitable examples; from the article presented the best example is that of COVID-19.

Explain that An unexpected outcome of COVID-19 is the growing awareness of how disease is transmitted and what might be done to prevent this; this is the rise of a good public culture in the country and it sets an example of growing scientific temper in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the importance of scientific temper and a culture that promotes and propagates it.