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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 March 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1. Comment upon the need for closing the gender gap in science in the country. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The author discusses how with fewer women in the field, the quality of science and advancement of society are both affected and highlights the need for closing the gender gap in field of science.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should bring out the essence of closing gender gap in science and its impact on overall development.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly point out the facts suggesting gender gap in the field of science in the country.

Body:

The answer body should cover the following dimensions –

 First, explain why there was and is a continued sense of gender discrimination in science; list down the factors (Historical, societal etc.)

Discuss how social and organizational conditions regulate women’s participation in science education and research. 

Take cues from the article and present the case of India in detail.

Suggest solutions to address the problem.

Point out to policies and programmes in this direction and what more needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the point – it is imperative that we understand and remove the sexism and institutional obstacles that prevent more women from entering the scientific field.

 

Topic:   Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society.

2. “Urbanization spurs a unique set of issues to both humans and animals. “Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: Human geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper 1 and aims to argue for the unique issues that the urbanization poses to humans and animals.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the problems and challenges posed by the developments on the urbanization front on the life of humans and animals.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define first what you understand by urbanization.

Body:

Explain that Half of the global population already lives in cities, and by 2050 two-thirds of the world’s people are expected to live in urban areas. But in cities two of the most pressing problems facing the world today also come together: poverty and environmental degradation.

Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments.

Discuss specific threats it poses; Intensive urban growth can lead to greater poverty, with local governments unable to provide services for all people, Animal populations are inhibited by toxic substances, vehicles, and the loss of habitat and food sources etc.

Suggest solutions to address these problems such as – promoting economic development and job creation, Involve local community in local government, Create private-public partnerships to provide services such as waste disposal and housing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3.  SAARC turns 35 but has very little to show for its age, Discuss the reasons and put forward suitable measures to revive this vital regional grouping. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

Videoconference of the heads of member countries of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) to discuss a common strategy to tackle COVID-19 was held recently.

Key demand of the question:

The question demands to evaluate why in nearly 35 years of its existence, SAARC has not lived up to its potential, what are the underlying reasons responsible and what needs to be done to revive the group.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate a short background of the coming of SAARC into existence; its origin, purpose and modus operandi.

Body:

The idea of SAARC was initiated by General Zia Ur Rehman of Bangladesh.

The first summit of the seven leaders of the region from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka was held in Dhaka in 1985. Afghanistan joined SAARC in 2007.

Secondly discuss the factors that have led to its failure – only less than 5% of inter-regional trade between the SAARC countries, India had shifted focus to other regional groupings that do not include Pakistan and bilateral agreements to ensure cooperation among the neighbors, resulting in SAARC becoming marginal in India’s diplomatic efforts. The asymmetry between India and other member countries in terms of geography, economy, military strength and influence in the global arena make the smaller countries apprehensive, SAARC does not have any arrangement for resolving disputes or mediating conflicts, The infrastructure deficit in the member countries, leading to a lack of connectivity among member states is another weakness of the SAARC etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be done to revive the group, suggest measures to revitalize – comment on role that India should play what should SAARC countries focus on etc.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources ,Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4.  Assess the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on the world economy. Also propose some safeguards that India can take to shield its economy at this stage.(250 words)

Reference: Economic Times

Why this question:

The article brings about a detailed analysis of the impact of Corona outbreak on the world economy and the steps that India need to take.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the impact of covid-19 on the world economy and what safeguards should India make to protect itself.

Directive:

Assess – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present a brief introduction about the recent breakdown of the COVID-19.

Body:

Discuss the main areas in which the world economy had hit badly. For example, travel and tourism, India’s medicine manufacturing industry, textile

Industry, world’s growth dips etc.

Discuss the sectors which can witness growth for example, personal care items, online shopping, education etc.

Suggest suitable measures to be taken in this regard for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

5. How is a language declared ‘classical’ in India, what advantages does it enjoy? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Pib.Gov.INIndian Express

Why this question:

A Bill to grant the status of Central universities to three deemed Sanskrit universities have been passed by the Rajya Sabha. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II, polity them of Indian constitution, one has to explain how a language is declared ‘classical’ in India, and what advantages does it enjoy.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what do you understand by a classical language.

Body:

Explain the following –

What are ‘Classical’ languages in India, and how are they classified?

Currently, six languages enjoy the ‘Classical’ status: Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia (2014).

According to information provided by the Ministry of Culture in the Rajya Sabha in 2014, the guidelines for declaring a language as ‘Classical’ are:

  • High antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years.
  • A body of ancient literature/texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers.
  • The literary tradition is original and not borrowed from another speech community.
  • The classical language and literature being distinct from modern, there may also be a discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its offshoots.

Then discuss the privileges the languages enjoy when they are recognized as classical languages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. “Artificial intelligence is rising to change every industry, but we have to understand its limits”. In the backdrop of the statement, discuss the benefits and disputes related with AI in Indian context. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint

Why this question:

The article deals with the myths and realities associated with artificial intelligence, thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the possible advantages and limitations that AI comes with and what way our country should tackle it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define AI and its contributions in general.

Body:

Explain that Artificial intelligence (AI) is competent to have a revolutionary impact on businesses and consumers globally.

List down the advantages of AI in detail.

Discuss the concerns associated with AI such as – job losses, robot bosses, human errors, high cost, ethical issues etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

7. Elucidate upon the need for urgent reforms of financial markets in the country with special focus on the comprehensive structure that is required to regulate banks, non-bank lenders, and insurance companies. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express

Why this question:

The author highlights the need to urgently rethink on the financial regulation aspects in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the need for urgent reforms of financial markets in the country with special focus on the comprehensive structure that is required to regulate banks, non-bank lenders, and insurance companies.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what you understand by financial regulation is short.

Body:

Discuss first how India can’t rely only on RBI to regulate the credit market; there have to be clean lines of responsibility as to who regulates which sector.

Explain what the issues the current financial regulators are facing and why there is need for a better system to be put in place.

Use the case of Yes Bank collapse and present your arguments effectively.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.