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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 March 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1.  “Having more professional women in office is a matter of both representation and capability”, examine the need for more working women in politics in such a context.( 250 words)

Reference: undp.org

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I and aims to deliberate on the theme of Women participation in politics.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the need for Women in politics and highlight the significance of having them participate and contribute to both representation and capability.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly set the context of the question.

Body:

  • First explain that from suffragettes to modern day feminists, women and men have fought long and hard for women’s right to vote and hold office.
  • As of today women in every country in the world have the right to vote; But progress is slow and uneven. Women are still underrepresented in politics, parliaments and public life.
  • Discuss the reasons that have led to low participation.
  • Explain why is this still an issue in 2020?
  • Then discuss what difference women can make? – Women in office motivate other women, design laws that encourage better education for girls, secure financial independence and formal employment for women, push up our abysmal female labour force participation rates
  • Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude that over the past few decades, women have made their mark as effective managers, bankers, professors, corporate leaders, lawyers, doctors and civil servants. These are women who know how to solve problems, get things done and manage multiple responsibilities. Electing able women professionals will help us simultaneously achieve better representation and expertise.

 

Topic:  Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. “Although urbanization is deliberated to be a facilitator for economic growth, India has not been able to tap its full potential yet” Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Majid Hussain population and settlement geography

Why this question:

The question seeks to examine the progress made by our country on the front of urbanization and to what extent has it achieved to be a facilitator of economic growth.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss the efforts of India in harnessing the economic growth through progress on the front of urbanization.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define first what urbanization is.

Body:

The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate.

One must first discuss the positives that the process of urbanization brings to a country.

Narrate upon the progress made by India on this front.

Quote examples to justify and explain why we haven’t yet tapped full potential of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

3. To what extent is it justified for the Judges to take up positions in the government post-retirement? Discuss its impact on impartiality and integrity of the judiciary. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The government on Monday nominated former Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi to Rajya Sabha. A notification to this effect was issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs. “In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of article 80 of the Constitution of India, read with clause (3) of that article, the President is pleased to nominate Shri Ranjan Gogoi to the Council of States to fill the vacancy caused due to the retirement of one of the nominated members,” the notification said. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to ascertain as to what extent the appointment for the Judges to take up positions in the government post-retirement justified. One has to explain the impact of such a move upon the on impartiality and integrity of the judiciary.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the background of the question.

Body:

One can first state the importance of impartiality and integrity to the Judicial system of the country.

Then explain the scenario of Post Retirement Jobs of Judges; pros and cons associates (Students should quote good examples from past to present to justify better)

Throw light on the inference made by first Law Commission report.

Discuss the possible conflict of interest associated with such appointments.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions – a middle path that satisfies the impartiality and integrity values of the judiciary.

 

Topic:  organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

4. Should death penalty be given no relevance in a progressive and modern international era? Analyse amidst the legal remedy that the convicts of Deli gang rape case are preparing to avail.  (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

Three death row convicts in the December 2012 gang rape and murder case moved the International Court of Justice appealing for an urgent hearing to prevent the execution. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should deliberate if the capital punishment still holds relevance in a progressive and modern international era.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly provide for an overview of Death penalty worldwide.

Body:

Death penalty is a social condemnation of a person to death who had taken away the life of another person in premeditated and gruesome manner without any regard for the life of the victim and without any sense of being shameful or mindful of the consequences of his act.

The answer body should cover the following aspects –

  • Discuss the Rarest of the rare case doctrine
  • IPC 376A – Rape/Sexual Assault
  • Laws other than IPC for Capital Punishment
  • Clemency and Mercy Petition in the Indian Constitution
  • Who grants pardon? The President?
  • Highlights of recent SC judgement on Mercy Plea (Shatrughan Chauhan vs Union of India, the ongoing Nirbhaya case).

Present your arguments for and against upon the legal remedies being seeked by the convicts of Delhi Gang rape case.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion as to what is justified.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Discuss the probable concerns associated with the  new policy that aims to  lend legal recognition to shifting cultivation as a form of agroforestry also suggest a way forward.(250 words)

Reference: Business Standard 

Why this question:

The government is reported to be formulating a new policy that would lend legal recognition to shifting cultivation as a form of agroforestry to enable nomadic farmers get bank credit and agriculture-related subsidies.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must present the probable concerns associated with the new policy that aims to lend legal recognition to shifting cultivation as a form of agroforestry while suggesting a way forward.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what constitutes shifting cultivation.

Body:

Have the following aspects explained –

  • What is Shifting Agriculture? – It involves clearing of forests, burning the stubble and cultivating the land for a few years before moving to another plot, leaving the old patch for regeneration.
  • Discuss what was NITI Aayog’s idea? – The NITI Aayog which had mooted the idea of redefining jhumming land-use as agro-forestry in a 2018 report.
  • Discuss the concerns associated.
  • Explain what should be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Disaster and disaster management.

6. Explain what constitutes a notified disaster. Discuss how the State Disaster Relief Fund is used by the government to handle such situations.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article explains in what way declaring COVID-19 a ‘notified disaster’ help tackle the situation.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the significance of what a notified disaster is and in what way the SDRF is used in such instances.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what a notified disaster is.

Body:

Discuss the following dimensions –

  • Who notifies a disaster? What defines a notified disaster?
  • A “notified disaster”, would enable it to provide assistance and spend more funds to fight the pandemic.
  • The MHA has “notified” the coronavirus incidence as a disaster. Natural disasters like floods are also similarly notified, but this is the first time for a pandemic, and officials could not recall when the provision was last invoked at national level for all states.
    Discuss how the State Disaster Relief Fund is used by the government to handle such situations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such a move amidst such pandemics.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7.  Discuss the possible role that Behavioural economics can play in the fight against Covid-19. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the possible role that Behavioural economics can play in the fight against Covid-19.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the role of behavioural economics in India to fight pandemics such as the Covid-19.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief define what behavioral economics is.

Body:

Explain the following aspects in detail – 

What is Behavioural Economics?

How Behavioural Economics can be applied in the Indian context in the resolving the issues posed by the covid-19 pandemic? – explain that at the heart of the transmission of infectious epidemics like Covid-19 is an individual balancing the perceived benefits of engaging in self-precaution — better health and life expectancy, with the perceived costs of the same — monetary, time and psychological costs of quarantine, social distancing and frequent hand-washing

What are the limitations of Behavioural Economics?

Conclusion:

Conclude that Covid-19 is hitting humanity where it hurts in the most complex way — the human mind. Once we acknowledge the power of individual behaviour in epidemics, behavioural insights are not a choice but a necessity in our collective action against Covid-19.