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“Having more professional women in office is a matter of both representation and capability”, examine the need for more working women in politics in such a context.

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1.  “Having more professional women in office is a matter of both representation and capability”, examine the need for more working women in politics in such a context.( 250 words)

Reference: undp.org

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I and aims to deliberate on the theme of Women participation in politics.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the need for Women in politics and highlight the significance of having them participate and contribute to both representation and capability.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly set the context of the question.

Body:

  • First explain that from suffragettes to modern day feminists, women and men have fought long and hard for women’s right to vote and hold office.
  • As of today women in every country in the world have the right to vote; But progress is slow and uneven. Women are still underrepresented in politics, parliaments and public life.
  • Discuss the reasons that have led to low participation.
  • Explain why is this still an issue in 2020?
  • Then discuss what difference women can make? – Women in office motivate other women, design laws that encourage better education for girls, secure financial independence and formal employment for women, push up our abysmal female labour force participation rates
  • Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude that over the past few decades, women have made their mark as effective managers, bankers, professors, corporate leaders, lawyers, doctors and civil servants. These are women who know how to solve problems, get things done and manage multiple responsibilities. Electing able women professionals will help us simultaneously achieve better representation and expertise.