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What is diaspora diplomacy? Discuss the range and boundaries of it in the Indian context.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5.  What is diaspora diplomacy? Discuss the range and boundaries of it in the Indian context.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article narrates in detail upon the concept of Diaspora diplomacy while bringing the case of India and US.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the philosophy of Diaspora diplomacy, its ambit and limitations.


Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


Define Diaspora diplomacy.


Explain that It increasingly adds a political component to the continual general expectation that diaspora members and migrants contribute to the economic development of their home country, for instance by transferring money. Home countries use foreign policy strategies which can be summarized using the term “diaspora diplomacy”.

Present few key points related to Indian diaspora –

  • The Diaspora encompasses a group of people who can either trace their origins to India or who are Indian citizens living abroad, either temporarily or permanently.
  • It includes Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) and Overseas Citizens of India (OCI).
  • PIO and OCI card holders were merged under OCI category in 2015.

Explain the importance, highlight the limitations(in terms of challenges such as rising hate crimes in the country, Increasing anti-globalization, Sectarian crisis etc.) of it.


Conclude with way forward.