Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
1. What are the reasons for persistence of patriarchy in our society? What is the difference between public and private patriarchy? Explain. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of the GS paper I and is based on the theme of salient feature of Indian society.
Key demand of the question:
One has to discuss the causative factors of the existence of the patriarchy in our society and throw light upon the difference between public and private patriarchy.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly define what Patriarchy is.
Patriarchy literally means “rule of the father”, today it is a term that refers to social systems where power is concentrated in the hands of adult men.
Explain why it is a phenomenon that is consistently witnessed in the Indian society historically.
Discuss the reasons in detail – historical milieu, power and cultural perception, e ideology of motherhood which restricts women’s mobility and burdens them with the responsibilities to nurture and rear children etc.
Also point out to debates of various sociologists to substantiate your points.
Differentiate and compare public and private patriarchy.(define, key features, relevance etc.)
Conclude that over time mindsets are undergoing change and it’s time to change the approach of the society and enter a new era of equity and equitability in terms of gender and their roles.