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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 March 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India

1. What are the reasons for persistence of patriarchy in our society? What is the difference between public and private patriarchy? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in 

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the GS paper I and is based on the theme of salient feature of Indian society.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the causative factors of the existence of the patriarchy in our society and throw light upon the difference between public and private patriarchy.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what Patriarchy is.

Body:

Patriarchy literally means “rule of the father”, today it is a term that refers to social systems where power is concentrated in the hands of adult men.

Explain why it is a phenomenon that is consistently witnessed in the Indian society historically.

Discuss the reasons in detail – historical milieu, power and cultural perception, e ideology of motherhood which restricts women’s mobility and burdens them with the responsibilities to nurture and rear children etc.

Also point out to debates of various sociologists to substantiate your points.

Differentiate and compare public and private patriarchy.(define, key features, relevance etc.)

Conclusion:

Conclude that over time mindsets are undergoing change and it’s time to change the approach of the society and enter a new era of equity and equitability in terms of gender and their roles.

 

Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India

2. Are families a Universal social institution in India? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference: http://ir.lib.seu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/184/KALAM%201-26.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the family as a social institution in India.

Key demand of the question:

Provide for a detailed analysis of how and why families function as social institutions in India.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Generally the family is recognized as an element of a broader kinship network that links ancestors and descendants of a person.

Body:

Explain that it is the most permanent and most persistent of all social institutions which exerts constant influence in life of the members from the moment of birth to the moment of death.

Then briefly explain the main characteristics and functions of family.

Discuss why Indian families are more of a Universal social institution; provide for comparison with other countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of family system in the Indian context.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. What do you understand by “OneHealth Sceince “? Discuss in detail the challenges involved in operationalizing it in the Indian context along with its significance. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article captures detailed insights of the One Health approach and brings out the significance of the same.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the system of “OneHealth apprach” and explain the challenges involved in operationalizing it in the Indian context.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what you understand by “OneHealth apprach”.

Body:

‘One Health’ is an approach to designing and implementing programs, policies, legislation, and research in which multiple sectors communicate and work together to achieve better public health outcomes.

Then discuss why we need such an approach.

Explain the challenges involved in operationalizing the concept.

Take hints from the article and justify your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude that An opportunity now exists for India to leap-frog over the systemic and institutional barriers that prevent an integrated OneHealth framework from being operationalized.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. To be among the best in the world, Indian universities must be freed from excessive interference and politicisation”, Examine.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

In the recent subject-wise ranking of world universities by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Indian institutions improved with 26 departments or schools placed in the top 100 of their respective disciplines. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to bring out the current challenges that the Indian universities are facing owing to political interferences and control.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the fact pointed out by the study, highlight where India stands.

Body:

Explain that While this is a reason to celebrate, not even a single Indian university features in the QS ranking of the world’s top 150 in overall parameters.

Discuss how these universities have been major centres of innovation in teaching and research thanks to independence from bureaucratic or corporate meddling and political intervention by parties of the day.

They could remain centres of extraordinary excellence in a sustained way by according primacy to matters of the mind, i.e. intellectual ideas and solutions to problems, and avoiding becoming hostage to dogmatic thought.

List down the challenges they are facing.

Suggest solutions to address such concerns.

Highlight efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India has miles to go in higher education. Unlike in authoritarian and top-down China, there is little likelihood of a meteoric breakout of multiple Indian universities into the top 100 of the worlds at a rapid clip. To be among the best in the world, Indian universities must be freed from excessive interference and politicisation.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5.  What is diaspora diplomacy? Discuss the range and boundaries of it in the Indian context.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article narrates in detail upon the concept of Diaspora diplomacy while bringing the case of India and US.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the philosophy of Diaspora diplomacy, its ambit and limitations.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define Diaspora diplomacy.

Body:

Explain that It increasingly adds a political component to the continual general expectation that diaspora members and migrants contribute to the economic development of their home country, for instance by transferring money. Home countries use foreign policy strategies which can be summarized using the term “diaspora diplomacy”.

Present few key points related to Indian diaspora –

  • The Diaspora encompasses a group of people who can either trace their origins to India or who are Indian citizens living abroad, either temporarily or permanently.
  • It includes Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) and Overseas Citizens of India (OCI).
  • PIO and OCI card holders were merged under OCI category in 2015.

Explain the importance, highlight the limitations(in terms of challenges such as rising hate crimes in the country, Increasing anti-globalization, Sectarian crisis etc.) of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

6. Should distressed private banks be saved by PSBs? Do you agree to the fact that larger PSBs are being made more fragile by involving them in bailouts of their public sector or private peers? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

A day after the government imposed a moratorium on the financially troubled Yes Bank last week; the Reserve Bank of India announced a draft restructuring plan that entails the State Bank of India acquiring a 49% stake in the private lender. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer needs to explain why the private banks need to be saved by the public sector banks, what are the issues and challenges involved and what an optimal solution to address such a situation is.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short present the background of the context in question.

Body:

First explain why such banks should be saved; list the reasons. As per the Financial Stability Report of the RBI, the level of inter-connectedness within the financial services ecosystem is deep. While after the global financial crisis, the idea was always to have no bank which is too big to fail.

The systemically important banks are banks which are tracked more carefully and which are also subject to higher capital requirements under Basel III. But that is not to say that banks which are relatively smaller in size, such as Yes Bank, do not pose systemic risk and therefore, should not be rescued.

Then explain what should be done –

  • The first option should always be to have a private investor come in and infuse his capital into the private bank.
  • The next option then, the straightforward option, would be for the government to simply nationalize the stressed bank. It happened during the global financial crisis with innumerable private banks all over the world.

Suggest other solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies -4


 

Topic:  role of social media.

7. Discuss the role of social media in influencing political opinions and social attitudes in the country.(250 words)

Reference: Research Gate

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to analyse the role of social media in influencing political opinions and social attitudes in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the role played by social media in affecting the political opinions and social attitudes in the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First explain what constitutes social media.

Body:

Social Media has rapidly grown in importance as a forum for political activism in its different forms. Social media platforms, such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube provide new ways to stimulate citizen engagement in political life, where elections and electoral campaigns have a central role.

Present the positives and negatives such as Social media has reshaped structures and methods of contemporary political communication by influencing the way politicians interact with citizens and each other. However, the role of this phenomenon in increasing political engagement and electoral participation is neither clear nor simple.

Discuss its overall impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.