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Karnataka seeks quota for locals

Topics Covered: Employment related issues.

Karnataka seeks quota for locals

What to study?

For Prelims: About the new policy of Karnataka.

For Mains: Significance, challenges and concerns associated, what is the need of the hour?

Context: The Karnataka government has insisted that private companies provide 80% reservation in jobs for locals (Kannada-speaking people) in all categories.

The government has already amended the Karnataka Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Rules, 1961, to reserve 100% for group ‘C’ and group ‘D’ jobs for locals in the private sector. The government last year amended the rules to allow this.

What’s the basis for this move?

Competition from outsiders: In the last few years, Bangalore has witnessed a huge population influx from all corners of India naturally upsetting the local and migrant balance and causing social friction primarily owing to economic reasons.

With not enough jobs being created and the poor spread of those that are getting created, the pressure on, and in, relatively better-performing states is growing.

Issues associated with this policy:

  1. By arm-twisting the private sector into forcibly hiring Kannadigas irrespective of merit or qualification, the indirect assumption seems to be that Kannadigas are incapable of finding jobs on their own merit or hard work.
  2. Even as the move will benefit the Kannadiga population, the private sector could suffer a setback as it would hinder choosing the best candidates,irrespective of the linguistic background or domicile of the person, to comply with the rule.
  3. Also, once it is enforced, there is no stopping other states from coming up with similar populist policies,even for white-collar jobs where merit is paramount for productivity. This could mean greater informalisation of labour, which in turn means greater insecurity for the same workers whose interests the Karnataka government is purportedly protecting with the move.
  4. The end result of industry loss of confidence and business moving elsewhere would, of course, be a decline in the economic well-being of the Kannadiga blue-collar workers the policy is supposed to protect.

Insta Link:

Prelims Link:

  1. Reservations vs Articles 14 and 15 of the Indian Constitution.
  2. How and where reservations for locals are provided in Karnataka?

Mains Link:

Amendments to the Karnataka Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Rules of 1961 seek to implement 100% reservation for Kannadigas in private jobs. Is it a good policy move? Critically analyse.

Sources: the Hindu.