Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
1. “The Franco-German war made Germany mistress of Europe and Bismarck master of Germany”, Elucidate.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of unification of Germany.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of Franco-German war, the role played by Bismarck in the unification of Germany.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly provide for the timeline of the beginning of the unification process of Germany and the conditions that necessitated it.
For centuries, Germany had been little more than a geographical expression divided into numerous principalities, dominated by the spirit of provincialism and under the control of many petty princes despite the various efforts by the Holy Roman Emperors to create a central authority.
Discuss in what way focal point of the history of nineteenth-century Germany was the struggle for unification.
Explain the factors obstructive to unification, factors conducive to unification.
Then explain the role of Bismarck in Unification process.
Conclude that the Franco-German War made Germany mistress of Europe and Bismarck master of Germany. The political unification under Prussian leadership for which Bismarck had waged three wars and for which revolutionaries of 1848, thinkers, poets, philosophers and historians had all in their different ways, prayed or worked for was at last completed.