Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 March 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:   History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. “The Franco-German war  made Germany mistress of Europe and Bismarck master of Germany”, Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference:  jstor.org

Why this question:

The question is in the context of unification of Germany.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of Franco-German war, the role played by Bismarck in the unification of Germany.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly provide for the timeline of the beginning of the unification process of Germany and the conditions that necessitated it.

Body:

For centuries, Germany had been little more than a geographical expression divided into numerous principalities, dominated by the spirit of provincialism and under the control of many petty princes despite the various efforts by the Holy Roman Emperors to create a central authority.

Discuss in what way focal point of the history of nineteenth-century Germany was the struggle for unification.

Explain the factors obstructive to unification, factors conducive to unification.

Then explain the role of Bismarck in Unification process.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the Franco-German War made Germany mistress of Europe and Bismarck master of Germany. The political unification under Prussian leadership for which Bismarck had waged three wars and for which revolutionaries   of 1848, thinkers, poets, philosophers and historians had all in their different ways, prayed or worked for was at last completed.

 

Topic:  History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Discuss the causes of Russian revolution in comparison with French revolution.(250 words)

Reference: world history by Norman Lowe

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the causes of Russian Revolution in comparison with French Revolution.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the factors responsible for Russian revolution and compare with those that led to French revolution.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: highlight that in Central Europe the Great War had secured the triumph of the principles of nationality and democracy. But in Russia it led to an upheaval which was as characteristically social and economic as it was national and political. 

Body:

Discuss the causes in detail while drawing parallels with the factors that led to French revolution.

  • As in France the government of Russia was autocratic without being efficient.
  • As in France the social order in Russia was marked by a wide cleavage between the upper and lower classes.
  • As in France, the material revolution in Russia was preceded by a revolution in the realm of ideas.

Explain more such factors.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of the revolution in the history of Russia.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. “In spite of numerous initiatives in use by the Election Commission of India, the electoral politics suffers ‘voter bribing’ and ‘hate speeches’ in the country”. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

The author narrates a detailed view on the electoral reforms and the lacunae that the reforms have with it and what needs to be done.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must critically analyse the loopholes in the reforms that the election commission has been suggesting or trying to inculcate.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly provide status of the elections in the country. For example with elections becoming expensive, most parties have sought to field richer candidates irrespective of their merit in representing public interest.

Body:

Discuss some of the key regulations pointed out by the election commission.

  • Explain the reforms that have been planned so far.
  • ECI is considering tightening ways to cap the expenditure of parties, as it should provide a more level playing field. But this can be meaningful only if there is more transparency.
  • The ECI has also suggested bringing social media and print media under the “silent period” ambit after campaigning ends.
  • Regulating social media will be difficult and it remains to be seen how the ECI will implement this.
  • Discuss the effect of voter bribing and hate speeches over the reforms and how they pose hurdles.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions and recommendations to overcome the situation.

 

Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4. A recent Supreme Court verdict has barred citizens from accessing court records under the RTI Act; do you think it is a verdict against judicial transparency? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

The Supreme Court in Chief Information Commissioner v. High Court of Gujarat case has held that the information to be accessed/certified copies on the judicial side is to be obtained through the mechanism provided under the High Court Rules and the provisions of the RTI Act shall not be resorted to.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the impact of verdict with respect to the judicial transparency.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present in short the background of the question.

Body:

The Chief Information Commission and Gujarat Information Commission had challenged a Gujarat High Court order which had held that the high court rules governing the issuance of certified copy of the documents would prevail over the Right to Information Act provisions.

Discuss the Importance of court records to public discourse in India.

Explain what the conflicts are between RTI and other laws.

Discuss the concerns associated with such a judgment and its impact on judicial transparency.

Conclusion:

Conclude that The Supreme Court, on various occasions, has ruled that it is binding (with exemptions) on public sector institutions to implement RTI to promote transparency in the system. Going forward, the SC should walk the talk if it aspires to inspire any public institution to put words into action.

 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5. Good health and well-being for its citizens by 2030 seems to be a farfetched dream for India, do you agree? Identify the factors, and suggest measures. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis of the possibilities of India achieving the sustainable goal of good health and well-being.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the steps that need to be taken to achieve the dream of

Good health and well-being for its citizens by 2030.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Quote facts that suggest the essence of the question context.

Body:

Present in detail the current scenario of the country in terms of good health and well-being.

Explain the factors that are key to achieving this goal.

Highlight the concerns involved, point out the lacunae in the current and past policies and programmes.

Take hints from the article and suggest what needs to be done – focus on specific sectors etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Disaster and disaster management.

6.  Discuss the key provisions of the 1897 Epidemic Diseases Act. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express  

Why this question:

t was decided in a Cabinet Secretary meeting that states and Union Territories should invoke provisions of Section 2 of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, so that Health Ministry advisories are enforceable, Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the key provisions of 1897 Epidemic Diseases act.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the need and necessity of the act.

Body:

Explain that the Epidemic Diseases Act is routinely enforced across the country for dealing with outbreaks of diseases such as swine flu, dengue, and cholera.

Present briefly the History of the 1897 Epidemic Diseases Act.

Discuss the Provisions of the 1897 Epidemic Diseases Act.

Highlight issues associated with it. Suggest its utility

Conclusion:

Conclude way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. virtue is not about practicing morality, the greatest virtue is to be inclusive of all life. Comment. (250 words)

 Why this question:

The question tends to examine the importance of inclusiveness of all life and in what way virtue is not just about practicing morality but beyond it.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of inclusiveness as one of the greatest virtues to humankind.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what virtues are.

Body:

Define “Inclusiveness”.

Discuss that virtue is not just about practicing morality; explain this with example.

Explain what makes it one of the biggest virtues that are quintessential to humankind.

Such questions are best explained with illustrations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of inclusivism as an important and significant virtue.