Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
3. “In spite of numerous initiatives in use by the Election Commission of India, the electoral politics suffers ‘voter bribing’ and ‘hate speeches’ in the country”. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The author narrates a detailed view on the electoral reforms and the lacunae that the reforms have with it and what needs to be done.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must critically analyse the loopholes in the reforms that the election commission has been suggesting or trying to inculcate.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly provide status of the elections in the country. For example with elections becoming expensive, most parties have sought to field richer candidates irrespective of their merit in representing public interest.
Discuss some of the key regulations pointed out by the election commission.
- Explain the reforms that have been planned so far.
- ECI is considering tightening ways to cap the expenditure of parties, as it should provide a more level playing field. But this can be meaningful only if there is more transparency.
- The ECI has also suggested bringing social media and print media under the “silent period” ambit after campaigning ends.
- Regulating social media will be difficult and it remains to be seen how the ECI will implement this.
- Discuss the effect of voter bribing and hate speeches over the reforms and how they pose hurdles.
Conclude with suggestions and recommendations to overcome the situation.