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Discuss the causes of Russian revolution in comparison with French revolution.

Topic:  History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Discuss the causes of Russian revolution in comparison with French revolution.(250 words)

Reference: world history by Norman Lowe

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the causes of Russian Revolution in comparison with French Revolution.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the factors responsible for Russian revolution and compare with those that led to French revolution.


Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: highlight that in Central Europe the Great War had secured the triumph of the principles of nationality and democracy. But in Russia it led to an upheaval which was as characteristically social and economic as it was national and political. 


Discuss the causes in detail while drawing parallels with the factors that led to French revolution.

  • As in France the government of Russia was autocratic without being efficient.
  • As in France the social order in Russia was marked by a wide cleavage between the upper and lower classes.
  • As in France, the material revolution in Russia was preceded by a revolution in the realm of ideas.

Explain more such factors.


Conclude by reasserting the significance of the revolution in the history of Russia.