Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
2. Land reforms remain an unfinished agenda even after 70 years of independence. Critically comment. (250 words)
Key demand of the question:
The question first expects us to explain why land reforms are criticized so many years post its initiation as being incomplete. Discuss the reasons why the task of land reforms is still incomplete. Discuss the steps being taken to complete it.
Critically comment – When asked to comment, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
In brief highlight about the land reforms that have taken place in India post-independence.
Discuss how land reforms were carried out post-independence and their results.
Discuss the fact that only some state implemented it properly while the other sought to preserve the status quo.
Discuss why land reform is an unfinished agenda – non modernization of land records, increasing fragmentation of land holdings etc.
Discuss the steps being taken still to complete the task of land reforms.
discuss the importance of completion of land reforms and highlight way forward.