Topic: Agriculture- Issues; Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
4. Explain the concept of Agroforestry. Discuss how agroforestry could solve climate crisis. (250 words)
Reference : Down to Earth
Why this question:
Agriculture and climate change are deeply intertwined. Agriculture is responsible for almost 30 per cent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is the root cause of 80 per cent of tropical deforestation. Intensive agriculture — characterised by monocultures and aimed at feeding farm animals — is one of the sectors that generates the highest amount of CO2 emissions.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the concept of Agroforestry. The benefits of Agroforestry and how it can help tackle the climate change crisis being faced across the globe and India
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the scenario of how agriculture and monoculture has led to increasing emissions of GHG’s and adding to the climate change crisis
Explain the concept of Agroforestry in detail.
Discuss how Agroforestry can help mitigate the climate change effects.
Use case studies which has proven to be successful across the globe to substantiate your answers.
Give a brief idea about the agroforestry potential in India.
Conclude with a way forward.