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Curbing hate speech and fake news has emerged as a critical challenge for governments globally. But this is not just a technological issue; it is also a societal problem. Discuss.

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges.

6. Curbing hate speech and fake news has emerged as a critical challenge for governments globally. But this is not just a technological issue; it is also a societal problem. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference : Hindustan Times

Why this question:

Online forums are often looked at in a vacuum, but they are merely a reflection of society. In India, polarising content and hateful material on the Internet has proliferated in the recent past. Opinions that an individual would earlier hold back for fear of societal backlash have now found their safe spaces online. The Internet harbours a variety of extreme statements.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the various reasons for degradation of the lake ecosystems in India and provide the measures for safeguarding the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the concept of fake news and hate speeches.

Body:

Give an account of how the fake news and hate speeches have manifested into various societal issues across the globe.

In 2019, a terrorist opened fire in two mosques that killed at least 49 worshippers and wounded dozens of others in Christchurch, New Zealand. The attack was live-streamed on Facebook by the perpetrator.

Discuss the challenges posed by hate speeches and fake news using social media?

Polarization of the society

Increased communal violence

Targeting of the minorities

Ghettoization etc.

Talk about how the Governments across the globe have started taking measures and implications of such stringent measures. Also, mention how Indian Cyber laws are toothless in tackling such cyber hate crimes.

       Discuss the feasible measures to overcome these menaces.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.