Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
2. Who were Marakkars? Discuss their role in the fight against Portuguese. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why this question:
Recently, a petition was filed in the Kerala High Court against the film- Marakkar: The Lion of the Arabian Sea, alleging ‘distortion of history’ and demanding a stay on the release. It is said to be the most expensive Malayalam film ever made.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss who were Marakkars and their role in fight against Portuguese.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly state who Marakkars were.
By some accounts, they were of Arab origin and had migrated from Tunisia to Panthalayani near Koyilandy in present-day Kozhikode.
They later moved to the region around present-day Kottakkal and Thikkodi near Payyoli.
By other accounts, the Marakkars were descendants of affluent businessman from the Cochin kingdom who migrated later to Calicut.
Comment upon their war against the Portuguese.
Conclude by reasserting the significant contributions made by them.