Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4. The extensive practice of sex-selective abortion has created demographic costs in the country, Deliberate if the legal methods alone are adequate in eradicating sex-selective abortions. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article presents a case of infanticide in Tamil Nadu’s Usilampatti, which is historically notorious for its crude methods of killing female babies. In this region, there is an inhuman practice of feeding female infants with toxic milk.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the causes of sex selective abortions in the country, in what way the legal methods alone won’t suffice to eradicate the sex selective abortions.
Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly present the scenario.
Explain what the causes of sex-selective abortions in India are.
Son meta preferences, daughters being seen as burden on financial aspects, marriage in India is typically patrilocal.
Discuss the initiatives taken by the government in this direction.
Suggest possible solutions for ending India’s sex-selective abortion crisis.
Conclude that it is time for the government to ramp up awareness building exercises, and this time use technology to monitor every single pregnant woman right down to taluk levels until at least one year after birth. While punitive aspects might offer a measure of deterrence, true change can only be brought about by a change in attitude.