Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
3. “It is important to go beyond the administrative convention of bracketing Adivasis into a single category in order to address their different problems”. Analyse. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article discusses issues faced by the Adivasi community and how we need to adopt forward-looking policies to bring a difference in their lives. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss why it is important to go beyond the administrative convention of bracketing Adivasis into a single category.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what the issues are with respect to Adivasi community.
Explain the aspects of the issues with such an approach –
The Adivasi community is assumed to be underdeveloped. With this view in policymaking, they are recognized as ‘takers/receivers’ of governmental benefits.
Policies and practices rooted in this approach, fail, in most cases, to accommodate the question of the participation of the Adivasis in the ongoing processes of the nation as co-citizens.
This results in a top-down approach, where there is unilateral enforcement of policies. What this means is that, the participation which is required for socio-economic progress is denied to the Adivasis which results in loss to them as their input is not taken, and loss to the society as well.
Discuss what steps need to be taken.
Suggest suitable solutions.
Conclude that the Adivasi community is seen as a source of cheap labour and they are half-fed with no opportunities to flourish and develop their human capabilities. It is now imperative that the entire outlook on the Adivasi question is reversed.