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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 March 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Who was Rani Gaidinliu? Present a brief account of Zeliangrong movement.(250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question aims to ascertain the contributions of Rani Gaidinliu and account on the Zeliangrong movement.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of the contributions of Rani Gaidinliu and account for the Zeliangrong movement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present facts about Rani Gaidinliu.

Body:

Gaidinliu (26 January 1915 – 17 February 1993) was a Naga spiritual and political leader who led a revolt against British rule in India. At the age of 13, she joined the Heraka religious movement of her cousin Haipou Jadonang.

Rani Gaidinliu identified her people’s struggle with the wider Indian freedom struggle. For her, the Naga people’s journey to freedom was part of India’s wider movement for freedom. She also spread the message of Gandhi ji in Manipur region.

Discuss Zeliangrong movement and its features.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such leaders in the history of Indian freedom struggle.

 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. Who were Marakkars? Discuss their role in the fight against Portuguese. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

Recently, a petition was filed in the Kerala High Court against the film- Marakkar: The Lion of the Arabian Sea, alleging ‘distortion of history’ and demanding a stay on the release. It is said to be the most expensive Malayalam film ever made.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss who were Marakkars and their role in fight against Portuguese.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state who Marakkars were.

Body:

By some accounts, they were of Arab origin and had migrated from Tunisia to Panthalayani near Koyilandy in present-day Kozhikode.

They later moved to the region around present-day Kottakkal and Thikkodi near Payyoli.

By other accounts, the Marakkars were descendants of affluent businessman from the Cochin kingdom who migrated later to Calicut.

Comment upon their war against the Portuguese.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significant contributions made by them.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. “It is important to go beyond the administrative convention of bracketing Adivasis into a single category in order to address their different problems”. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses issues faced by the Adivasi community and how we need to adopt forward-looking policies to bring a difference in their lives. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss why it is important to go beyond the administrative convention of bracketing Adivasis into a single category.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what the issues are with respect to Adivasi community.

Body:

Explain the aspects of the issues with such an approach –

The Adivasi community is assumed to be underdeveloped. With this view in policymaking, they are recognized as ‘takers/receivers’ of governmental benefits.

Policies and practices rooted in this approach, fail, in most cases, to accommodate the question of the participation of the Adivasis in the ongoing processes of the nation as co-citizens.

This results in a top-down approach, where there is unilateral enforcement of policies. What this means is that, the participation which is required for socio-economic progress is denied to the Adivasis which results in loss to them as their input is not taken, and loss to the society as well.

Discuss what steps need to be taken.

Suggest suitable solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the Adivasi community is seen as a source of cheap labour and they are half-fed with no opportunities to flourish and develop their human capabilities. It is now imperative that the entire outlook on the Adivasi question is reversed.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. The extensive practice of sex-selective abortion has created demographic costs in the country, Deliberate if the legal methods alone are adequate in eradicating sex-selective abortions. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

The article presents a case of infanticide in Tamil Nadu’s Usilampatti, which is historically notorious for its crude methods of killing female babies. In this region, there is an inhuman practice of feeding female infants with toxic milk.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the causes of sex selective abortions in the country, in what way the legal methods alone won’t suffice to eradicate the sex selective abortions.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present the scenario.

Body:

Explain what the causes of sex-selective abortions in India are.

Son meta preferences, daughters being seen as burden on financial aspects, marriage in India is typically patrilocal.

Discuss the initiatives taken by the government in this direction.

Suggest possible solutions for ending India’s sex-selective abortion crisis.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it is time for the government to ramp up awareness building exercises, and this time use technology to monitor every single pregnant woman right down to taluk levels until at least one year after birth. While punitive aspects might offer a measure of deterrence, true change can only be brought about by a change in attitude.

 

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Why enormous “power gaps” continue between men and women in economies, political systems and corporations of the world? Examine in the backdrop of recently released UNDP’s Gender Social Norms Index. (250 words)

Reference:   Indian Express

Why this question:

The article presents a detailed picture of what UNDP’s Gender Social Norms Index, covering 80% of the world population in 75 countries, tells us about gender inequality worldwide and in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must examine why the power gaps continue between men and women in economies, political systems and corporations of the world and with a specific context of India.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the highlights of the UNDP’s Gender Social Norms Index.

Body:

86% & 90% of women and men, respectively, held some sort of bias against women (2018), according to UNDP’s Gender Social Norms Index; in India (2014-15), this bias showed un 97% of women and 99% of men.

Explain why enormous “power gaps” continue between men and women in economies, political systems and corporations? –

  • Despite tangible progress in closing gender inequalities in developmental areas, such as education and health as well as in removing legal barriers to political and economic participation, there exist power gaps.
  • This is because while men and women vote at similar rates, only 24 percent of parliamentary seats worldwide are held by women and there are only 10 female heads of government out of 193 Member States.
  • Furthermore, women are paid less than men working the same jobs and are much less likely to be in senior positions.

Suggest solutions to address these challenges while presenting case specific to India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

6. Bring out the Controversies and issues surrounding independence and misuse of Enforcement Directorate while suggesting ways to address them. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why this question:

Yes Bank founder Rana Kapoor was recently placed under arrest by the Enforcement Directorate. Thus the question aims to bring out the Controversies and issues surrounding independence and misuse of Enforcement Directorate.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the Controversies and issues surrounding independence and misuse of Enforcement Directorate and suggest ways to address them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain about ED.

Body:

It is a Multi-Disciplinary Organization mandated with the task of enforcing the provisions of two special fiscal laws – Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) and Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA). 

Discuss briefly the powers, functions and composition of ED.

Account on the concerns surrounding its functions and misuse of power of the directorate.

Suggest solutions to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to overcome the challenges associated and ensure swift functioning of the directorate.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions.

7. Discuss the ethical and social concerns involved in Cord blood banking. (250 words)

Reference:   The Hindu

Why this question:

Poona Citizen Doctor Forum (PCDF), a body that aims to rebuild trust among citizens and doctors, and promote ethical rational medical practice, has come forward to bust the aggressively promoted concept of cord blood banking.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the ethical and social concerns involved in Cord blood banking.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what cord blood banking is.

Body:

Cord blood (short for umbilical cord blood) is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta post-delivery. It contains special cells called hematopoietic stem cells that can be used to treat some types of diseases.

Discuss what the issues are with cord blood banking.

Over the past decade, stem cell banking has been aggressively marketed even as its use is still in experimental stages. But these companies charge enormous fees from parents to preserve cells.

Bring out the ethical concerns involved in detail.

Conclusion:

Suggest ways to address the ethical concerns involved and assert upon the need to have policies and frameworks to regulate them.