Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
1. Underlining the achievements of chatrapati Shivaji, describe how his policy was helpful in the expansion of Marathas? Also discuss the reasons for the fall of the Marathas. (250 words)
Reference: Modern Indian history by Spectrum publications
Why this question:
The question underlines the contributions of Shivaji to the construction of Maratha empire as well as expects one to present reasons for the fall of the empire.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significant contributions made by Shivaji in building the Maratha empire and the causative factors that led to its decline.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain about Chatrapati Shivaji.
Shivaji was an able general and a skilled politician who, through his efforts, laid the foundation for a strong Maratha empire. Briefly present his achievements – he increased the influence of the Maratha Empire from Deccan to Karnataka and gave it a place at the all India level, he built an efficient administrative system,set up an authentic revenue system for income and broadened the economic base of the empire throughChauth along with Sardeshmukhi, army based on cash payment etc.
Then move onto discuss the factors that led to fall of the Maratha empire.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of his contributions in the Indian modern history.