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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 March 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.  The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Underlining the achievements of chatrapati Shivaji, describe how his policy was helpful in the expansion of Marathas? Also discuss the reasons for the fall of the Marathas. (250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question underlines the contributions of Shivaji to the construction of Maratha empire as well as expects one to present reasons for the fall of the empire.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significant contributions made by Shivaji in building the Maratha empire and the causative factors that led to its decline.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain about Chatrapati Shivaji.

Body:

Shivaji was an able general and a skilled politician who, through his efforts, laid the foundation for a strong Maratha empire. Briefly present his achievements – he increased the influence of the Maratha Empire from Deccan to Karnataka and gave it a place at the all India level, he built an efficient administrative system,set up an authentic revenue system for income and broadened the economic base of the empire throughChauth along with Sardeshmukhi, army based on cash payment etc.

Then move onto discuss the factors that led to fall of the Maratha empire.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of his contributions in the Indian modern history.

 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.  The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. What do you mean by Renaissance describe the main features of Indian renaissance?(250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to examine the key features of Indian renaissance.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of renaissance and the key features of renaissance specific to the Indian context.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what renaissance is.

Body:

Social and cultural awakenings in India were a result of Indian renaissance that was inspired by the Western concept of reason, equality and liberty. Renaissance meaning revival or rebirth was the great transitional movement of Europe that swept away medieval unprogressive ideas and substituted it with individualism, material emancipation, skepticism, nationalism, a more sound economic system and self-expression. Indian Renaissance was started under the influence of the western thinkers. Main

features of Indian Renaissance were as follows:

  • A new way of studying Indian past was brought in.
  • Reinterpretation of Indian religious text and rituals was made, which brought
  • Irregularities and mal-practices in our religion into light at that time.
  • A new movement for socio-religious reforms were started under Raja Ram Mohan
  • Roy and other intellectuals.
  • It was influenced by western thinkers.
  • Indian Renaissance gave rise to study of English literature thoughts, philosophies and books of history.
  • Over political movements it has some influence and later on it was perfectly adopted by political movements.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of it to Modern Indian history.

 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization,Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

3. Evaluate the progress made for women’s rights since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action by the world community. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why this question:

8th March was celebrated as World women’s day and in this context the article presents a stock of the progress made for women’s rights since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action by the world community.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the progress made for women’s rights since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action by the world community.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the Beijing Platform for Action.

Body:

The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action adopted in 1995 at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China is recognized as the most progressive roadmap for the empowerment of women and girls, everywhere. Then move onto discuss the significance of women to the society, the growth and development of a country. Highlight the progress made so far; explain galvanizing moments in the gender equality movement: a five-year milestone towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals; the 20th anniversary of UN Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security; and the 10th anniversary of UN Women’s establishment. Explain where women stand today. Present a picture of Indian context.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4. Discuss the role of women in evolving a knowledge economy and narrowing the gender inequality in the Indian context. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why this question:

The article discusses at length the possible contributions that the women are making to the knowledge economy in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of women in evolving a knowledge economy and narrowing the gender inequality in the Indian context.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what knowledge economy are.

Body:

Highlight that the Indian economic success requires scientific skills that can foster a knowledge economy, the emergence of which depends on how gender balanced the workforce is. Explain the present scenario – list down the challenges that women face in contributing to the knowledge economy. Then explain why women are key to the economy despite the above mentioned concerns and challenges? Highlight their potential.

Conclusion:

Conclude by policies of the government in this direction; explain what should be done to harness the contribution of women to the knowledge economy.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5.Discuss therising threat and impact of coral bleaching on coral reefs of the World. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express, UN.ORG

Why this question:

The article presents a picture of rising threat and impact of coral bleaching on coral reefs of the World.Scientists have warned that the Great Barrier Reef will face a critical period of heat stress over the coming weeks; following the most widespread coral bleaching the natural world has ever endured.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the effect of coral bleaching on the coral reefs of the world.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what corals are, what coral bleaching is.

Body:

Coral reefs are important hotspots of biodiversity in the ocean. Corals are animals in the same class (Cnidarian) as jellyfish and anemones. They consist of individual polyps that get together and build reefs. Discuss the significance of coral reefs first. Explain then the threats that they are possibly facing.Discuss the factors responsible for Coral Bleaching. Highlight the consequences of It on the ecology of coral reefs around the world. Suggest what needs to be done to overcome the challenge.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Government Budgeting.

6.Discuss what are electronic transmissions in global trade? Do you think negative list approach on custom duties on them is a better substitute in protecting the competitiveness?Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why this question:

The debate about whether or not to extend the WTO Moratorium on imposing customs duties on electronic transmissions has, to date, narrowly focused on its potential customs revenue implications. Thus the question aims to analyse the approach of the negative list method on custom duties.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the electronic transmissions in global trade, and the aspects of methods to protect them from competitiveness.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what electronic transmissions are in global trade.

Body:

Explain the premise first – that import barriers protect domestic industries from foreign competition, and allow them to grow. A similar thought informs India’s position against a moratorium on customs duties on electronic transmissions at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Present points for and against the negative list approach on custom duties of these electronic transmissions. Take cues from the article and form an opinion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Case study

7. An NCC cadet, Aparna Sen, has sent following petition to the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT)- “NCC Cadets spend three years of their life with an ambition to become an officer in defense or police. They sacrifice college life of fun and leisure to attend various local, state and national camps. They get rigorous training in discipline, leadership and physical fitness. While there is quota for sportspersons in the recruitment of defense, railways and public sector undertakings, no such separate quota exists for NCC Cadets. Therefore, I request you to create separate quota for us in government jobs, failing which, we will organize a mass protest across the country.” As the Secretary (DoPT), how will you deal with petition? (250 words)

Reference: Case study

Why this question:

The case study presents a situation of ethical dilemma to a public servant.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must present the possible solutions to the case study above.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the case study.

Body:

 State the nature of the ethical issue you’ve initially spotted. List the relevant facts Identify stakeholders, Clarify the underlying values, Consider consequences
Identify relevant rights/duties, Reflect on which virtues apply,  Consider relevant relationships, Develop a list of potential responses, Use moral imagination to consider each option based on the above considerations.
Choose the best option

Conclusion:

Conclude by what could be done in the future to prevent the problem.