Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
2. Medieval literature of India played a key role and led to the modern Indian languages taking shape and being born. Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: CCRT INDIA.GOV.IN
Why this question:
The question aims to analyse the key role played by the development of the medieval literature that led to the birth of Modern Indian languages.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of the medieval literature in the Indian context and detail upon the evolution of modern Indian languages.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly highlight the timeline of medieval literature; their origin and evolution.
Around 1000 A.D. local differences in Prakrit grew more and more pronounced Discuss that the most powerful trend of medieval Indian literature between 1000 and 1800 A.D. is devotional (bhakti) poetry which dominates almost all the major languages of the country. India’s middle ages brought about a very rich tradition of devotional literature of remarkable merit. Explain that Bhakti literature is the most important development of the medieval period; discuss the contributors to this period and how they led to development of languages like Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, and Kannada etc. Discuss apart from Bhakti tradition, the Sufi tradition also brought in many folds of improvement in languages; evolution of Urdu etc.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of modern Indian languages and their coming.