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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 5 March 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Examine the significance of prehistoric paintings found in India. Also, trace the changes that occurred in the painting styles during this period.(250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of prehistoric paintings found in India and the changes that occurred in the painting styles during this period.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what constitute prehistoric paintings.

Body:

Discuss the following key aspects in the answer body viz. –

  • Enumerate some key characteristics of pre historic paintings.
  • Discuss significance: what these paintings tell about prehistoric life, help understand the social life of mankind.
  • Changes in painting: styles, themes techniques evolution.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting how it influenced future art themes in the country.

 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Discuss the European influence on the architecture of Modern India with suitable examples. (250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the influence of Europeans on the art and architecture of Modern India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain why European influence came into picture in the Indian scenario.

Body:

  • Start discussing with the onset of Europeans in India.
  • The Europeans who came to India for trade established their settlements at various places. In these settlements they built European style houses, besides the factories. When their foothold became strong, they began to construct more durable structures such as strong fortresses and imposing churches.
  • Highlight that the Portuguese at Goa established impressive churches in the style of Iberian architecture, and the English, though in a less ambitious manner, built churches resembling the English village churches. A distinct type of building thus began to emerge in India. However, the Victorian style itself, being imitative rather than original, did not have a vitality of its own to inaugurate in India what could have been an Indo-British (like the Indo- Islamic) style of architecture.
  • Explain suitable examples and substantiate upon the influence.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such influence and its impact even as of today.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. The gap between jobs needs and knowledge, and the absence of role models, need to be urgently addressed to harness India’s demographic dividend into a reality. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why this question:

The author presents a bleak picture of education system in the country as a disconnected pedagogy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must critically analyse the gap between jobs needs and knowledge, and the absence of role models in the country and to what extent they have been influencing the India’s demographic dividend and how the country should address it.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the gaps that the question is referring to.

Body:

The question is pretty much straightforward and direct and there isn’t much to deliberate. Students must focus to cover the following dimensions in the answer body –

  • Highlight the gaps present in the education system.
  • Discuss the causes that have led to these gaps and explain why they have remained unaddressed.
  • Take hints from the article and cover the various issues associated crisply.
  • Suggest solutions to overcome these challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with efforts and policies of the government in this direction and suggest fixes to the existing and neglected aspects.

 

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. Evaluate the performance of India’s soft power holistically at the global level. (250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard 

Why this question:

The article brings out the fact that – for first time India has broken into the top 30, in the Brand Finance Global Soft-Power Index 2020, which highlighted that India punches well below its weight.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the performance of India’s soft power holistically at the global level.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what constitutes soft power.

Body:

  • Explain how India has managed to build a powerful, culturally acceptable, image abroad over the last half-century.
  • Deliberate upon what comprises soft power – the soft power of a country rests primarily on three resources: its culture in places where it is attractive to others; its political value when it lives up to them at home and abroad; and its foreign politics when they are seen as legitimate and having moral authority.
  • Highlight the facts related to ranking, discuss the performance of India, and explain the concerns, challenges involved.
  • Quote examples to highlight the issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward as to how India can improvise on its ranking and champion the art of soft power.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Discuss the concept of “Limited liability partnership” while bringing out the benefits and concerns associated with a special reference to Indian economy. (250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express 

Why this question:

The government is set to introduce an amnesty scheme for Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) firms for delays in mandatory filings which could benefit 20-25 per cent of the 1.25 lakh LLPs registered in the country. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance concept of “Limited liability partnership” while bringing out the benefits and concerns associated with a special reference to Indian economy.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what LLP is.

Body:

Start with the recent decisions made with respect to the move – it is aimed at bringing non-compliant LLPs into the legal fold. Explain – LLP is an alternative corporate business firm that gives the benefits of limited liability of a company and the flexibility of a partnership. Highlight the key features of LLP.

Discuss that ; LLP form is a form of business model which –

  • is organized and operates on the basis of an agreement.
  • Provides flexibility without imposing detailed legal and procedural requirements.
  • enables professional/technical expertise and initiative to combine with financial risk taking capacity in an innovative and efficient manner.

List down the concerns associated while suggesting way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such concepts applied to the economy.

 

Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

6.Present a detailed view on the current state of cooperative federalism in India. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why this question:

The author examines the current state of cooperative federalism in India in detail.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must present a detailed view on the current state of cooperative federalism in India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what cooperative federalism is.

Body:

Federalism is the division of power between center and its various constituents, like provinces, states, cantons and so on. Cooperative federalism is a concept or subset of federalism where national, state and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems. Explain why India follows the cooperative federalism concept, discuss its evolution. Discuss the current dynamics of cooperative federalism in India. Take cues from the article and present a fair and balanced opinion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of cooperative federalism to India.

 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

7. AI and robotics for public health is a real need and has demonstrated great value in addressing pandemics like Covid-19. Do you agree? Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard

Why this question:

The article presents a view that while Robots have been pressed into service for isolated patients the hopes are high that artificial intelligence can help find a counter to Covid- 19.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role that AI and robotics can possibly play in addressing public health concerns such as that of Covid-19.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with any fascinating fact about robotics and AI applications.

Body:

First, bring out the challenges the public health sector is facing amidst such pandemics. Explain that the coronavirus is putting a lot of new tech, including robots and artificial intelligence, on display. Mention facts such as – New technology like infrared thermometers — potentially unreliable devices known as “thermometer guns” — are becoming increasingly commonplace in China. Robots are being used to disinfect rooms, communicate with isolated people, take vital information, and deliver medications. AI is being used to study the outbreak’s spread and is powering the search for treatments. Suggest the possible utility of the two to the public health sector, discuss concerns and challenges if any. Suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such technologies in such grave situations.