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How the Centre’s planned Sanskrit universities will function?

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

How the Centre’s planned Sanskrit universities will function?

What to study?

For Prelims: Objectives and key features of the Bill, various authorities to be created- their powers and functions.

For Mains: Significance of the bill and implications.

Context: The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019 was recently introduced in Rajya Sabha. The bill was passed in Lok Sabha in December last year.

The Bill is intended to convert India’s three deemed-to-be Sanskrit universities into Central Sanskrit Universities.

  1. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi.
  2. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi.
  3. Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati.

Other salient features of the Bill:

  1. What the universities will do?

The proposed central universities will: (i) disseminate and advance knowledge for the promotion of Sanskrit, (ii) make special provisions for integrated courses in humanities, social sciences, and science, and (iii) train manpower for the overall development and preservation of Sanskrit and allied subjects.

  1. Powers and functions:

These include: (i) prescribing courses of study and conducting training programmes, (ii) granting degrees, diplomas, and certificates, (iii) providing facilities through a distance education system, (iv) conferring autonomous status on a college or an institution, (v) providing instructions for education in Sanskrit and allied subjects.

  1. Some of the authorities that the universities will have:

A court, which will review the policies of the university and suggest measures for its development. An Executive Council, which will be the principal executive body. The 15-member council will include the Vice-Chancellor appointed by the Centre, who will be the chairperson. The council will, among other functions, create teaching and academic posts and their appointment, and manage the revenue and property of the university. An Academic and Activity Council, which will supervise academic policies. A Board of Studies, which will approve the subjects for research and recommend measures to improve standards of teaching.

  1. Visitor of the universities:

Like at all central universities, the President of India will be the Visitor of the central Sanskrit universities. He may appoint persons to review and inspect the functioning of the University. The Executive Council may take action based on the findings of the inspection.

Insta link:
Prelims link:
1.       What are deemed universities?
2.       Constitutional provisions wrt to Sanskrit.
3.       Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan.
Mains Link:
Write a note the Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019.

Sources: Indian Express.