Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
6. What do you understand by conscience as source of ethical guidance? Illustrate with suitable examples. (250 words)
Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the premise of – conscience as source of ethical guidance.
Key demand of the question:
Explain what is meant by conscience as source of ethical guidance in detail.
Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.
Structure of the answer:
Define what ‘conscience’ means.
Conscience is a capacity, intuition or decisions that help to distinguish right from wrong. In psychological terms, conscience is defined as leading to feelings of remorse when a human commits actions that go against his moral values and feelings of pleasure and well-being when our actions, thoughts and words are in conformity to value systems of people. Move on to explain how conscience can act as source of ethical guidance – this part of the answer can be best explained with examples. Highlight the importance by quoting the assertions made by various moral thinkers upon the significance of conscience.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of conscience as an ethical guide.