Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1. “No democracy can long survive which does not accept as fundamental to its very existence the recognition of the rights of minorities”. Critically analyse the relevance of the statement applied to current happenings in the capital.(250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why this question:
The author of the article highlights the Events in Delhi that have taken a high toll recently and he urges that Apex court and government must act urgently to restore confidence, and ensure that minority rights do not remain on paper.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the inherent implications of the statement of the question and its essence to the ongoing turmoil in Delhi.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the basic background of the quote applied to the case of Delhi riots.
Discuss the context of the question in short – More than 30 people have lost their lives in the violence in Delhi, houses have been torched and an entire market set on fire. Discuss incidences in the past and the lacunae in the systems that have led to such situations. Explain why there is the turmoil? What are the implications of it? Take hints from the article and explain what constitution says about protection of minority rights. Explain the role that the government and judiciary must play to ensure preservation of Democracy.
Conclude that there is an urgent need to preserve and protect the rights of minorities to ensure the health, vitality and strength of the free State of India.