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Has the concept of Aadhaar succeeded as a ‘game changer’ for India’s leaky welfare regime? Analyse.

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Has the concept of Aadhaar succeeded as a ‘game changer’ for India’s leaky welfare regime? Analyse.  (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

At article presents a critical examination of Aadhaar as applied to the public delivery system more so to ensure efficient and effective welfare regime and how far has it been successful in doing so.

Key demand of the question:

Examine the outcomes of Aadhaar applied to the welfare delivery mechanisms in the country and to what extent they have been able to address the issue of leakages in the system.


Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:


Start by bringing out the recently published a new working paper in the National Bureau of Economic Research, which details findings from an extensive empirical study of the impact of Aadhaar in reducing leakages and accruing fiscal savings.


First state the rationale that the Aadhaar was postulated with. Explain how ideally the concept of Aadhaar aimed at improving welfare delivery efficiency. Highlight the challenges before it, why hasn’t it been successful in plugging the loopholes. Discuss the shortfalls existing with application of Aadhaar, take cues from the article and list them down. Suggest what needs to be done to ensure better utility of Aadhaar to welfare mechanism in the country.


Conclude with way forward.