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Farmers Producer Organisations

Topics Covered: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Farmers Producer Organisations

What to study?
For Prelims: What are FPOs?
For Mains: Need for and significance.

Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch 10,000 Farmers Producer Organisations (FPOs) all over the country, on 29 February, in Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh.

 

What are FPOs?

It is a Producer Organisation (PO) where the members are farmers. Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is providing support for the promotion of FPOs.

  • FPOs help in the collectivization of such small, marginal and landless farmers in order to give them the collective strength to deal with such issues.
  • Members of the FPO will manage their activities together in the organization to get better access to technology, input, finance and market for faster enhancement of their income.

 

Support by the Government:

The government has launched a new dedicated Central Sector Scheme titled “Formation and Promotion of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)” with a clear strategy and committed resources to form and promote 10,000 new FPOs.

 

Need for and significance of FPOs:

  • Nearly 86% of farmers are small and marginal with average land holdings in the country being less than 1.1 hectares.
  • These small, marginal and landless farmers face tremendous challenges during agriculture production phase such as for access to technology, quality seed, fertilizers and pesticides including requisite finances.
  • They also face tremendous challenges in marketing their produce due to lack of economic strength.
  • FPOs help in the collectivization of such small, marginal and landless farmers in order to give them the collective strength to deal with such issues.

 

What are the essential features of a PO?

  1. It is formed by a group of producers for either farm or non-farm activities.
  2. It is a registered body and a legal entity.
  3. Producers are shareholders in the organization.
  4. It deals with business activities related to the primary produce/product.
  5. It works for the benefit of the member producers.
  6. A part of the profit is shared amongst the producers.
  7. Rest of the surplus is added to its owned funds for business expansion.

Sources: pib.