Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7. You are posted as District Collector (DC). In a village where illegal Sand mining is rampant, local police seize ten trucks illegally carrying sand. The police are roughed up by an unruly mob said to be supporters of sand mafia. When the police refuse to give back vehicles despite facing threat, the mob demand that they would want to see DC on the spot or else situation would be made much worse by resorting to violent activities. When the news reaches you, you decide to go there in the morning as it was already dark. But you receive a message that if you do not go there the situation could turn worse. The SP of district, a lady, softly warns you not to go in the night and she would manage the situation till morning. She says that the situation is much worse than you have imagined and there will be threat to your life. But you get a call from Chief Minister that you must visit the spot immediately and negotiate with the mob to end the fiasco peacefully. What will you do? Justify. (250 words)
Reference: Case study
Why this question:
The situation is based on the themes from the static portions of GS paper IV, the case study presents the ethical concerns and dilemmas that civil servants face.
Key demand of the question:
The student must present a detailed analysis of the case and suggest actions that she/he would take in the case presented as a District collector of the place and justify it with suitable substantiations.
Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the details of the case relevant for the analysis that you would suggest.
Discuss the fact that the situation demands that in spite of the threat perception, as a DC you should act immediately to defuse the situation as it can quickly worsen during the night. Moreover you are bound by the orders of the Chief minister. The question being a case study, there can be ‘n’ number of ways to address but one must ensure that a middle path, practical and rational one is suggested along with suitable justifications.
Conclude that the situation requires deft administrative skills and proper coordination on part of the DC using all the available resources at his disposal to avoid further escalation.