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Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2020

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2020

What to study?
For Prelims: Key features and overview of provisions.
For Mains: Relevance and significance of the Bill.

Context:

Union Cabinet has approved the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2020.

The amended bill is reformed version of the draft legislation which was passed by Lok Sabha in August 2019 but its provisions, including that only a close relative of a couple can be a surrogate mother, had invi
ted criticism.

Surrogacy

Background:
The bill incorporates all recommendations made by a Rajya Sabha select committee, which studied an earlier version of the draft legislation, and is aimed at banning commercial surrogacy and allowing altruistic surrogacy.

Key features of the Bill:

  1. It allows any “willing” woman to be a surrogate mother and proposes that widows and divorced women can also benefit from its provisions, besides infertile Indian couples.
  2. The bill also proposes to regulate surrogacy by establishing National Surrogacy Board at the central level and, State Surrogacy Board and appropriate authorities in states and Union Territories respectively.
  3. The proposed insurance cover for surrogate mother has now been increased to 36 months from 16 months provided in the earlier version.
  4. Commercial surrogacy will be prohibited including sale and purchase of human embryo and gametes.
  5. Ethical surrogacy to lndian married couples, Indian-origin married couples and Indian single woman (only widow or divorcee between the age of 35 and 45 years) will be allowed on fulfilment of certain conditions.

Sources: the Hindu.