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In what way will India’s plans at UN Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) help in sustainable management and conservation of migratory species? Give details.

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. In what way will India’s plans at UN Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) help in sustainable management and conservation of migratory species? Give details.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article explains How India’s proposals at UN event can help elephants, migratory birds.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of such proposals made by our country that can help in sustainable management and conservation of migratory species.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the fact that – 13th Conference of the Parties to the CMS (CMS COP13), is under way in Gandhinagar, with “Migratory species connect the planet and together we welcome them home” as its theme.

Body:

Detail about the conventions in general first – CMS is a treaty agreed by 129 countries plus the European Union, and functions under the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). It works for protection and conservation of species that migrate across frontiers and are facing threats of extinction or require urgent attention. Explain what the convention aims to do. Then briefly explain Why do migratory species need special attention for conservation? List out the intended actions by India on this front – India has proposed inclusion of the three species on Appendix-I of the Convention. Appendix-I lists species threatened with extinction, while Appendix-II lists those in need of global cooperation for favorable conservation status. If listed on Appendix-I, it would facilitate trans-boundary conservation efforts of the species.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such measures.