Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.
Species included in Appendix I of UN Convention on Migratory Species
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Conservation status of these species, inclusion in the list and it’s significance.
Context: The Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant and Bengal Florican have been included in Appendix I of UN Convention on Migratory Species. This was done at the ongoing 13th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in Gandhinagar (Gujarat).
About Asian Elephant:
Found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan ans Myanmar. IUCN status: Endangered. It is also listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
About Great Indian Bustard:
It is one of the heaviest flying birds in the world. Its largest populations are found in the Indian state of Rajasthan. State bird of Rajasthan. It is listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List. It is also listed in Appendix I of CITES andSchedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
About Bengal Florican:
In India it is found in Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. It has been listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List. The bird is listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972 and Appendix I of CITES.