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Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

What to study?

For Prelims: Overview of JJ Act, amendments proposed.

For Mains: Significance, need for amendments, relevance.

 Context: Recently, a Group of Ministers (GoM) chaired by the Home Minister met to discuss proposed amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) (JJ) Act, 2015.

About JJ Act:

Replaced the 2000 act- the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.

Aim: To Comprehensively address children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection.

  • It mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committeesin every district. Both must have at least one woman member each.
  • Also, the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA)was granted the status of a statutory body to enable it to perform its function more effectively.
  • The Act included several new offences committed against children (like, illegal adoptions, use of child by militant groups, offences against disabled children, etc) which are not adequately covered under any other law.
  • All Child Care Institutions, whether run by State Government or by voluntary or non-governmental organisations are to be mandatorily registered under the Act within 6 months from the date of commencement of the Act.

Key changes proposed- the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018:

  • The Bill provides that instead of the court, the district magistrate will issue adoption orders to address the high pendency of adoption cases.
  • The Bill also seeks to transfer all pending matters related to adoption before any court to the district magistrate having jurisdiction over the area.

Sources: the Hindu.