Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Interim order on Mahadayi tribunal’s award
What to study?
For Prelims: About the river and it’s origin, overview of the dispute and tribunal’s order.
For Mains: Implications of this judgment, ways to address inter state river water disputes.
Context: The Supreme Court has passed an interim order allowing an application by the State of Karnataka to notify the Mahadayi Water Dispute Tribunal’s award.
What has the Court said?
The implementation of the award would be subject to the final judgment of the Supreme Court in the civil appeals filed by Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra, challenging the allocation of water from the Mahadayi river among them.
What was the tribunal award?
- August 2018 tribunal award had allocated 13.42 TMC water from the Mahadayi river basin to Karnataka.
- Maharashtra was allotted 1.33 TMC water while Goa was given 24 TMC in the final decision of the tribunal.
The Karnataka government had petitioned the tribunal seeking the release of 7.56 TMC of water for the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.
What is Kalasa-Banduri Nala project?
Undertaken by the Government of Karnataka to improve drinking water supply to the Districts of Belagavi, Dharwad, and Gadag. It involves building across Kalasa and Banduri, two tributaries of the Mahadayi river to divert 7.56 TMC of water to the Malaprabha river.
About Mahadayi river?
- It is a west flowing river.
- Origin: Degaon village, Belgaum district.
- Called Mandovi in Goa.
- Travels 35 km in Karnataka; 82 km in Goa before joining the Arabian Sea.
What’s the dispute?
Goa raised objection to Kalasa-Banduri project planned in 1989. Goa filed a complaint seeking setting up of a tribunal in July 2002. Goa moved the Supreme Court in 2006 seeking the constitution of a tribunal. The Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal was set up in November 2010.
Sources: the Hindu.