Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1. “The Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill is a much-needed complement to Surrogacy Bill”. Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why this question:
The Union Cabinet has approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Regulation Bill, 2020 to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. Hence the question.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of the ART Bill, its key features in hand with the surrogacy bill.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with few introductory lines of the coming of Bill.
The Bill, called the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Regulation Bill, 2020, intends to regulate ART clinics with the objective of providing “safe and ethical” reproductive procedures to infertile couples. The Bill provides for a national Board which will lay down a code of conduct to be observed by those operating clinics. It will also formulate minimum standards for laboratory and diagnostic equipment and practices to be followed by human resources employed by clinics and banks. Under the proposed law, a national registry and registration authority will maintain a database to assist the National Board to perform its functions, according to a statement issued by the Health and Family Welfare Ministry. The States and Union Territories will also have to form State Boards and State authorities within three months of the notification of the proposed legislation. The Bill also proposes stringent punishment for those who practise sex selection; indulge in sale of human embryos or gametes and those who operate rackets Etc. Discuss the concerns involved if any, highlight in what way it complements the surrogacy bill.
Conclude by asserting upon the positive impact that the two together bring upon the reproductive rights and choices of women in India.