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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 February 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1. “The Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill is a much-needed complement to Surrogacy Bill”. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why this question:

The Union Cabinet has approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Regulation Bill, 2020 to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. Hence the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of the ART Bill, its key features in hand with the surrogacy bill.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with few introductory lines of the coming of Bill.

Body:

The Bill, called the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Regulation Bill, 2020, intends to regulate ART clinics with the objective of providing “safe and ethical” reproductive procedures to infertile couples. The Bill provides for a national Board which will lay down a code of conduct to be observed by those operating clinics. It will also formulate minimum standards for laboratory and diagnostic equipment and practices to be followed by human resources employed by clinics and banks. Under the proposed law, a national registry and registration authority will maintain a database to assist the National Board to perform its functions, according to a statement issued by the Health and Family Welfare Ministry. The States and Union Territories will also have to form State Boards and State authorities within three months of the notification of the proposed legislation. The Bill also proposes stringent punishment for those who practise sex selection; indulge in sale of human embryos or gametes and those who operate rackets Etc. Discuss the concerns involved if any, highlight in what way it complements the surrogacy bill.

Conclusion:

Conclude by asserting upon the positive impact that the two together bring upon the reproductive rights and choices of women in India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

2.  The Election Commission of India’s (ECI) new instrument to allow digitally-mediated voting may prove to be a revolution in electoral reforms. Do you agree? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Financial  Express

Why this question:

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is collaborating with the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M), to work on technology that would allow voters to exercise their democratic right through a digital device.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the significance of such a revolutionary step to be taken in the electoral reforms of the country. Also explain the challenges involved and suggest through a way ahead.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question.

Body:

  • One can start the analysis by highlighting the need for such a reform in terms of technology, explain with facts such as In 2019, around 300 Mn voters didn’t cast their vote, close to about one-third of the total number of registered voters in the country, which is roughly around 900 Mn.
  • Discuss why we need the technology and what are its benefits? – Digital voting will help overcome the problems of distance for NRI voters and hesitations over proxy on part of the Indian legislature. It could even allow migrant workers within the country to cast their votes in polls in their native constituencies. 
  • Discuss what is the new technology like (Take cues from the article and detail upon).
  • Discuss challenges or concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.

 

Topic:   Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Balanced use of fertilizers based on soil testing on a mission mode is creating a quiet revolution. Analyse in the context of Soil health card programme. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The author discusses in detail how application of fertilizers based on soil testing taken up on a mission mode is creating a quiet revolution in the country’s agri sector.

Key demand of the question:

Students must discuss the significance of Integrated Nutrient Management and the newer revolutionary methods it has been evolving with in recent times. One must appreciate the role of soil health programme in the background.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the essence of Fertilizers to agriculture systems in the country and need to recognize their timely delivery based on multiple factors that decide the timing of application.

Body:

Discuss the SHC programme; implemented over the last five years, assesses soil fertility in terms of the availability of key nutrients — primary (nitrogen, phosphorous and potash) as well as secondary (sulphur) and micro (iron, zinc, copper, manganese and boron) — and physical parameters (electrical conductivity, pH and organic carbon). Explain how SHC programme has successfully acted as a prescription for farmers to – allow the right dosage of nutrients based on both deficiency and crops grown in the soils of their particular area. Detail on the benefits such a changed method has been bringing to the farmers in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such innovative solutions.

 

Topic:   Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Disaster and disaster management.

4. “In the episode of an outburst of an epidemic, secrecy is a killer and transparency the savior”. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article explains the Initial delay in reporting the disease and Steps taken by China in addressing COVID-19 epidemic and the faults involved in addressing the epidemic and lessons that need to be learnt.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must present the lesson from the case of china’s episode of COVID-19 that all countries should learn- that is in the event of an outbreak, secrecy is a killer and transparency the savior.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the onset of the epidemic in China.

Body:

  • Explain why China erred in its initial response in handling the case of Corona epidemic.
  • Point out the faults and lacunae in the methods adopted by China.
  • Explain given its capabilities, could have contained the spread with very little effort and resources had it been transparent and acted on time.
  • Discuss the fact that China did not apply the lessons it learnt from the SARS outbreak despite strident global criticism.
  • Downplaying and being secretive about public health issues, particularly novel virus outbreaks, as it found out during SARS, and then now, can be very counterproductive.
  • Use the case of Kerala’s methods to handle the Nipah case; Transparency and timely action helped the State contain the outbreaks within days, with few cases and deaths in 2018.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Effects of Liberalization on the Economy, Changes in Industrial Policy and their Effects on Industrial Growth.

5. Discuss the concept of what Share pledging; explain why it is an important tool in gauging a company’s financial health. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has amended the SEBI (Depositories and Participants) Regulations by including an additional explanation that states that ‘pledge’ would also refer to ‘re-pledge of securities for margin or settlement obligations.’

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss about the move; benefits and significance; about share pledging.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what is meant by Pledging of shares.

Body:

  • What is a pledged share? – Simply put, it is taking loan against the shares one holds. It can be done by both investors and promoters.
  • Why do promoters pledge shares? – One of the methods promoters use to raise finance is to take loans against their holding in their company from banks or non-banking financial companies. For these financial institutions, these shares are collateral. Promoters can raise funds for various reasons-for meeting requirements of the business or personal needs.
  • What are the risks involved for the retail investors? – explain.
  • Highlight the changes made recently; Onus of bonafide pledge created from margin account of a stock broker will now lie with the depository following the SEBI amendment.
  • Discuss how all this helps gauge the financial health of any company.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the likely benefits of the move.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6. Discuss the role of emotional intelligence in conflict handling with suitable examples. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of Emotional Intelligence; from the static portions of the GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role of emotional intelligence in conflict handling with suitable examples.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what emotional intelligence is.

Body:

Emotional Intelligence is the ability to “Recognize, understand and manage our own emotions Recognize, understand and influence the emotions of others In practical terms, this means being aware that emotions can drive our behavior and impact people (positively and negatively), and learning how to manage those emotions — both our own and others — especially when we are under pressure.” Explain then that whenever individuals interact, such as employees within a project team or managers during a negotiation, interpersonal conflicts are possible. State that while emotional intelligence is related to the recognition and controlling of own and others’ emotions it may play a significant role in lowering Interpersonal conflict, as emotional intelligent employees are able to regulate their emotions and use their ability to reduce conflict and maybe even solve conflict. Now relate and reason in what way EI can aid in handling conflicts. Use case study/any day to day example to substantiate the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Emotional intelligence plays an important role in conflict Handling as constructive solutions for conflict may require compromises that are based on the ability to recognize and regulate emotions.

 

Topic:  Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7. Discuss the concepts of emotional intelligence. How will you apply emotional intelligence in administrative practices? (250 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of Emotional Intelligence; from the static portions of the GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

The answer is pretty much straight forward and should discuss the concepts of EI and its applications in administrative practices.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduction should mention the essence of EI in one’s own word. Furnish example to bring clarity. Discuss the concept.

Body:

Discuss about practical aspects of applying Emotional Intelligence in administration and the reasons for it rather than defining what an Emotional Intelligence is (here)? We need practical aspect i.e. application part. Move onto bring the modern concept on the ways of applying Emotional Intelligence in order to bring effectiveness and efficiency in administration. Then explain various ways and methods in applying EI in administrative practices like self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that by applying Emotional Intelligence, effectiveness and efficiency in administration and relationship can be brought.