Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3. Balanced use of fertilizers based on soil testing on a mission mode is creating a quiet revolution. Analyse in the context of Soil health card programme. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why this question:
The author discusses in detail how application of fertilizers based on soil testing taken up on a mission mode is creating a quiet revolution in the country’s agri sector.
Key demand of the question:
Students must discuss the significance of Integrated Nutrient Management and the newer revolutionary methods it has been evolving with in recent times. One must appreciate the role of soil health programme in the background.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the essence of Fertilizers to agriculture systems in the country and need to recognize their timely delivery based on multiple factors that decide the timing of application.
Discuss the SHC programme; implemented over the last five years, assesses soil fertility in terms of the availability of key nutrients — primary (nitrogen, phosphorous and potash) as well as secondary (sulphur) and micro (iron, zinc, copper, manganese and boron) — and physical parameters (electrical conductivity, pH and organic carbon). Explain how SHC programme has successfully acted as a prescription for farmers to – allow the right dosage of nutrients based on both deficiency and crops grown in the soils of their particular area. Detail on the benefits such a changed method has been bringing to the farmers in the country.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of such innovative solutions.