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Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
7.Compare and contrast the concept of ‘Empathy’ as practiced in the western societies with that our society. (250 words)
Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications
Why this question:
The question aims to compare the idea of Empathy as practiced by Indian society and in what way it differs from the notion in that of the western societies.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must compare and contrast the concept of ‘Empathy’ as practiced in the western societies with that our society.
Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly first define what Empathy is.
Discuss the notion of empathy of the western society; explain that Western societies believe man is a rational animal to substantiate – Nolan committee doesn’t list ’empathy’ in its recommendations. On the contrary Indian society believes Man to be an emotional man; thus need of Empathy- the belief that Empathy helps us understand others’ emotion, therefore empathy required to increase your emotional intelligence. Substantiate the above notions and other significant differences and similarities with suitable examples to justify better.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of Empathy and objectivity in general to all the societies of the world.