Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
3. What is a privilege motion? Discuss the rules related to it and the authority of the Speaker/ Chairperson vis-a-vis privilege motion. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
Recently, Privilege motion was submitted by the Congress party member against Social Justice Minister Gehlot for his statement on the Supreme Court order on the issue of reservation in promotion for the SCs/STs.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss what a privilege motion is, explain the rules related to it and the authority of the Speaker/ Chairperson vis-a-vis privilege motion.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain What is a privilege motion?
Parliamentary privileges are certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament, individually and collectively, so that they can “effectively discharge their functions”. When any of these rights and immunities are disregarded, the offence is called a breach of privilege and is punishable under law of Parliament.
The question is direct and covers the static portions of the GS paper II syllabus. Thus there isn’t much to deliberate. Discuss the rules governing a privilege motion in detail.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of such constitutional tools.